web analytics

Auckland Council CCO 2 step

Written By: - Date published: 10:42 am, March 7th, 2014 - 13 comments
Categories: accountability, auckland supercity, democracy under attack, election 2014, greens, infrastructure, labour, mana, national/act government, Privatisation - Tags:

Tony Holman’s op ed piece in the NZ Herald today adds an important perspective on the Auckland Council CCOs currently under review. He is concerned that the CCOs are a trojan horse that is part of a 2 step movement toward privatisation of Auckland assets. He argues that this will be on the agenda if John Key’s team regain the treasury benches in the election later this year.

Holman’s article is in part a response to Mai Chen’s piece in the last week about the same issue.  Mai Chen argued that the CCOs need to be improved, but that the basic set up is fine.

The review is likely to result in CCOs being put on a tighter leash governing what they can do without council approval.

Eighty per cent of the changes to the CCO model are likely to be relationship driven, focusing on improving communication so CCOs better carry out the council’s imperatives.

The remainder is likely to be structural reform. There may be mergers. There is pressure to bring some CCOs, such as Watercare and Auckland Transport, back into the council since they carry out core functions of local government.

Chen outlines some of the questions being investigated for the review, then concludes:

When I interviewed decision makers for my book on how the Auckland Council was created, the feedback from some was that CCOs were generally working well, so don’t fix what was not broken. The magic was private sector people on CCO boards and the great staff CCOs attracted, who may not stay if CCOs were required to work under greater council direction. But others have said consolidation of CCOs is needed, and some should be brought under greater council control

Tony Holman has been a councillor for North Shore City and has a business background.  He brings a certain amount of insider knowledge to the modus operandi of the CCOs.

In today’s NZ Herald article, Holman begins with some criticism of Chen’s approach:

But much of the analysis tended to be academic and theoretical, rather than analysing the politico-economic philosophy behind the CCO facade and the real aims of the governments that promote them, and of some businessmen appointed to CCO boards.

CCOs are a sort of Trojan horse, designed to infiltrate publicly owned assets under cover of the public’s “owner”, the council.

There are three major objectives behind the establishment of CCOs:

• To carry out the government’s wish – to take over publicly held assets for eventual privatisation.

• To learn more about the strengths and weaknesses of each CCO’s business.

• To take steps to prepare the CCO for privatisation.

The CCO device is a commercially-oriented two-step. The first step is to put various council functions at arm’s length from elected members and council managers, that is, largely out of the council’s control (despite the name).

The second step is to use the inside information gained by appointees to build a case for privatisation. Then will come the mantra that privately-owned businesses are always more efficient than publicly owned organisations.

Holman argues that, while the unelected  CCO directors and managers are to some extent answerable to the elected councillors, the councillors have a limited amount of say.  Also, the CCOs’ staff maintain a more detailed working knowledge of the CCO operations than do the council members.  This gives the CCOs an advantage when arguing for privatisation.

Holman ends with a warning about what will happen to Auckland assets should Key’s NActs get back into government in the election later this year:

The current set-up for our “Super” city resulted from Government legislation which required that all of the Auckland region’s publicly owned assets be taken out of direct public control and had to be put into CCOs (the first part of the two-step). If National is re-elected this year, with an Act component, it is likely to require the Auckland Council to sell its billions of dollars of assets tied up in the CCOs to help fund the council’s wildly ambitious schemes, particularly the subway project.

If legislation is passed to sell them, the consequences can be forecast.

Water would be sold to one of the international water conglomerates, resulting in much higher prices, lower efficiency and poor maintenance – as a study of the results of privatisation of water in UK, France, Canada and other countries soon reveals.

Privatisation of Ports of Auckland would put the considerable public profits into private hands, removing the millions of dollars now available for public investment in Auckland’s transport system, leading to bigger loans and therefore higher rates.

So, there are two actions Aucklanders can take to try to prevent such a devastating blow for Auckland. Mai Chen claims Aucklanders can have their say on the review by 30th June, but I’m not sure how this can be done.

The Council website mentions the review here.  Maybe members of the public need to communicate their views to “Councillors, local board members, CCOs and the Independent Maori Statutory Board” ?

The terms of reference for the review are here.

The second thing Aucklanders can do is vote Labour, Green or Mana at the election later this year.

13 comments on “Auckland Council CCO 2 step”

  1. Penny Bright 1

    Any so-called ‘lefties’ out there who still to want defend ‘pro-privatisation via PPPs’ Auckland Mayor Len Brown, Prime Minister John Key’s ‘little helper’?

    http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=11215245

    Tony Holman: CCOs a Trojan horse for privatisation

    http://media.nzherald.co.nz/webcontent/document/pdf/201348/PPPStudyForAttachmen1.pdf

    Mayoral Position Paper on Public Private Partnerships November 2013 – written by Ernst and Young ….

    “Introduction

    The Mayor has asked for a position paper to be developed on the nature and uses of Public Private Partnerships(PPPs). This paper is to focus on the range of PPP options that may be suitable for major Council and CCO projects.
    ……………. ”

    (Note – this is the same Ernst and Young who, in my considered opinion, wrote the dodgy Len Brown cover-up report, which effectively helped to protect the Mayor from possible criminal prosecution?

    http://www.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/SiteCollectionDocuments/Independent%20Review%20Report%20FINAL%20131213.pdf)

    But – remember the mantra?

    New Zealand is (‘perceived to be’ the least corrupt country in the world?

    http://www.transparency.org/cpi2013/results

    Pity about the reality ……

    Penny Bright
    ‘Anti-corruption / anti-privatisation Public Watchdog’

    • xtasy 1.1

      Penny, I fear you are right with some of what you say!

      The “lefties” have in too great numbers been compromised and become followers of fads and trends, and they defend Len Brown from any criticism, even where it may be justified. That is not going to serve the cause of the left as such, I am afraid.

      I am through with Len and his conduct, not just what happened with Sky City upgrades and freebies, but with the recent ideas about a “poll tax”, his love for PPPs, his extravagant day dreams of Auckland growing to a “world city” of 2.5 million and so forth. I question his sanity, to be honest.

      So I went through the Proposed Auckland Unitary Plan, and I saw so much stuff, that will certainly create endless issues and problems, and that are not even communicated to the people at large (given prioritised, abbreviated, corporate style information strateties), it is a “disaster”, to put it mildly.

      Again, you will find many here support it, but know little about the detail.

      My submission only covers bits at issue, but if taken seriously, it will seriously upset Len’s Plan, as it is not workable. It is not what we need, and it is even close to breaching laws, it ignores recent scientific and other findings and will fail, after years likely and deservedly end up in the waste bin of “plans”.

      Len’s talk (in a Herald article) of wanting a third term, of this and that grandiose ideas, now thinking he can charge an extra tax on every Aucklander, that disqualifies him. He will be out by next election, indeed he is stuff that would make National proud. We do not need such crap.

      The CCOs must go altogether, and there should not be any ifs and buts, it is time to redraw the whole scheme for greater Auckland, and to bring back true democracy, which we have not.

      I am sick of what goes on in Auckland, and it is not just Len Brown, the whole council is full of self serving jerks, that do not really represent the interests of Auckland, certainly not the future of the city.

      • Chooky 1.1.1

        +100 xtasy…you make a lot of sense

      • Douglas Haig 1.1.2

        Expose “The Purple Corridor” I wholeheartedly agree we are all sick of what goes on in Auckland, and it is not just Len Brown, the whole Council including the CCOs is more than full of self serving jerks who do not represent the interests of Auckland. The fact that Len Brown remains confirms such view.

  2. RedLogix 2

    I’Great post karol. I admire the work you put into them. m going to flog this horse a third time because it is so pertinent.

    http://www.psa.org.nz/Libraries/PSA_Document_2/privatisation.sflb.ashx

    Over the past 14 years GWRC Bulk Water Division returned over $80m to Wellington ratepayers in terms of avoided rates. This came about from two factors:

    Sound and decent managers who understood their industry and acted in the public good.
    Staff who were capable and worked hard to find productivity gains via technology improvements.

    By contrast the private owners of the electricity network extract insane economic rents while arguably doing nothing for the actual asset.

  3. Sanctuary 3

    Mai Chen’s piece was basically of the sort which grown to great favour after thirty years of bi-partisan neoliberalism – an establishment technocrat offering a cool view in the tradition of the grandes écoles.

    As a believer in vigorous Ango-Saxon democracy, I am always suspicious of technocrats bearing gifts of TLAs and much prefer the democratically informed and formed views of elected citizens like Tony Holman when it comes to governance over the expenditure of public money.

  4. captain hook 4

    The thing abouth these so called businessmen is that they cant create anything. all they can do is steal from others. usually under cover of some neo-liberal bullshit philosophy. Stealing from Councils seems to be becoming easier and easier. Aucklanders must stand up now and remove this horrid canker from their local governance before its all gone and the piggies have taken everything. Time to take action. Its a pity that those who demonstrate against the mayor aren’t inclined to demonstrate against theft of the councils assets. There is a disjunction here that must be addressed by direct action if necessary. Moaning about it on this blog wont achieve anything.

  5. Penny Bright 5

    Back in 2010, when I stood as an Auckland Mayoral candidate in order to make a fuss about the issues, and oppose the ‘Supercity – Super Ripoff’ – this is what my little leaflet said:

    “IT’S TIME TO ROLLBACK ROGERNOMIC$!

    This is not ‘left’ vs ‘right’

    This is ‘public’ vs ‘corporate’.

    The $upercity agenda is about replacing thousands of ‘piggy in the middle’ private contractors with fewer but bigger multinational snouts into a bigger public trough.

    CUT OUT THE CONTRACTORS!

    You didn’t vote for this Auckland $upercity and Rogernomic$ blitzkreig, to seize control of $28 billion of Auckland public assets.

    7 (corporate) Council Controlled Organisations (CCOs) will grab 75% of Auckland regional rates.

    Do you want unelected businesspeople controlling your interests? These CCOs will be run like a business, by business, for business – setting up for future privatisation under Public Private Partnerships (PPPs).

    Have your rates gone down since the last council amalgamations? EVER?
    The $upercity legislation set up this corporate structure – it can and must be repealed.
    …………………

    Penny Bright
    ‘Anti-corruption / anti-privatisation Public Watchdog’

    • karol 5.1

      Yes, I think this is the crucial issue.

      Brown is the lesser of evil choice for Aucklanders, and he has limited parameters in which to move. I hope the left puts up a new choice for mayor next time round.

      But, the most crucial thing is the need for a change to the main structure of Auckland Council. Get rid of the CCOs, and a stronger role for councillors and local boards.

  6. James Thrace 6

    Overseas Interest v Kiwi Interests

    Nuff said.

  7. captain hook 7

    time to organise against these predators.

  8. Flip 8

    Privatisation means economic growth and we all want the economy to grow. Yeah Right.

    We do not care where the growth happens. All that extra income for the already wealthy will trickle down.

    Yeah Right.

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

  • Brexit vote costs NZ effective EU voice
    Despite being extremely close the result of the referendum in Britain reflects the majority voice, Labour’s Foreign Affairs spokesperson David Shearer says. “While we respect the decision to leave the EU, it goes without saying the move will usher in ...
    18 hours ago
  • Pasifika Education Centre doomed
    The Pasifika Education Centre appears doomed to close down this December, says Labour’s Pacific Island Affairs spokesperson Su’a William Sio  “In a written question I asked the Minister whether he would put a bid in for more money. His answer ...
    1 day ago
  • Onetai Station review a shameful whitewash
    A report released today on the Overseas Investment Office’s (OIO) good character test is a whitewash that does nothing to improve New Zealand’s overseas investment regime, says Labour’s Land Information spokesperson David Cunliffe. “The review of the good character test ...
    1 day ago
  • We need a national strategy to end homelessness now
    Long before I entered Parliament, housing and homelessness were issues dear to my heart. I know from personal experience just how hard it is to find an affordable home in Auckland. In my maiden speech, I talked about how when ...
    GreensBy Marama Davidson
    1 day ago
  • Capital feels a chill economic wind
      Wellington is on the cusp of recession with a sharp fall in economic confidence in the latest Westpac McDermott Miller confidence survey, says Labour’s Regional Development spokesperson David Clark.  “Economic confidence amongst Wellingtonians has dropped 12% in the past ...
    1 day ago
  • Dive school rort took six years to dredge up
    News that yet another private training establishment (PTE) has rorted the Government’s tertiary funding system since 2009 shows that Steven Joyce has no control of the sector, says Labour’s Associate Education (Tertiary) spokesperson David Cunliffe. “Like Agribusiness Training and Taratahi, ...
    2 days ago
  • National’s housing crisis hitting renters hard
    National’s ongoing housing crisis is causing massive rental increases, with Auckland renters being hit the hardest, says Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford. ...
    2 days ago
  • A Day with the PSA
    This week, along with Labour MP Kris Faafoi, I accepted an invitation to spend a day working alongside the good folk at the Public Service Association in Wellington. As the Workplace Relations and Safety spokesperson for the Greens, I was ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    2 days ago
  • A Day with the PSA
    This week, along with Labour MP Kris Faafoi, I accepted an invitation to spend a day working alongside the good folk at the Public Service Association in Wellington. As the Workplace Relations and Safety spokesperson for the Greens, I was ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    2 days ago
  • Government holds Northland back
    New information shows Northland remains the most economically depressed region in New Zealand, says Labour’s Regional Development spokesperson David Clark. “The latest Westpac McDermott Miller regional survey found that more Northlanders believe their local economy will deteriorate this year than ...
    2 days ago
  • Rebstock report into MFAT leaks a disgrace
    An Ombudsman’s report on the Paul Rebstock investigation into MFAT leaks shows the two diplomats at the centre of the case were treated disgracefully, says Labour’s State Services spokesperson Kris Faafoi.  “The Ombudsman says one of the diplomats Derek Leask ...
    2 days ago
  • More families forced to turn to food banks for meals
    Increasing numbers of families are having to go to food banks just to put a meal on the table, according to a new report that should shame the Government into action, says Labour’s Social Development spokesperson Carmel Sepuloni. ...
    2 days ago
  • We have a housing emergency in New Zealand
    Auckland, New Zealand, where house prices have risen 20 percent in the last year alone We have a housing emergency in New Zealand.  Like many people we are ashamed and angry that in a wealthy country like ours, we have ...
    GreensBy Eugenie Sage
    3 days ago
  • We have a housing emergency in New Zealand
    Auckland, New Zealand, where house prices have risen 20 percent in the last year alone We have a housing emergency in New Zealand.  Like many people we are ashamed and angry that in a wealthy country like ours, we have ...
    GreensBy Eugenie Sage
    3 days ago
  • Aussie reforms signal trouble ahead for school funding plan
    Plans by the Government to return to bulk funding are likely to see increased class sizes and schools most in need missing out on much-needed resources, Labour’s Acting Education spokesperson Grant Robertson says. “The signaled return to bulk funding is ...
    3 days ago
  • Toxic Sites – the down low on the go slow
    In  2011, I negotiated an agreement with the National Government to advance work on cleaning up contaminated sites across the country. This included establishing a National Register of the ten worst sites where the creators of the problem could not ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    3 days ago
  • Aucklanders face new motorway tax of up to $2500 a year
    The Government wants to tax Aucklanders thousands of dollars a year just to use the motorway network, says Labour’s Auckland Issues spokesperson Phil Twyford. “Officials estimate the average city commute is 11.8km. This means for the average Aucklander commuting five ...
    3 days ago
  • 15 corrupt bank managers identified in student fraud
    New information show 15 bank managers in India have been identified by Immigration New Zealand as presenting fraudulent documents on behalf of foreign students studying here, Labour’s Immigration spokesperson Iain Lees-Galloway says. “Documents obtained by Labour under the Official Information ...
    3 days ago
  • National leaves Kiwi savers the most vulnerable in OECD
    News last week that Israel’s Finance Minister will insure savers’ bank deposits means New Zealand will be left as the only country in the OECD that has no deposit insurance to protect savers’ funds should a bank fail. Most Kiwis ...
    GreensBy James Shaw
    4 days ago
  • Comprehensive plan for future of work needed
    A Massey University study showing many New Zealanders are unaware of the increasing role of automation in their workplace, highlights the need for a comprehensive plan for the future of work, says Grant Robertson, Chair of Labour’s Future of Work ...
    4 days ago
  • Another National Government failure: 90 day work trials
    On Friday last week, the Treasury released a report by MOTU economic consultants into the effectiveness of the controversial 90-day work trial legislation. The report found that there was “no evidence that the policy affected the number of hires by ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    4 days ago
  • Iraq mission extension case not made
    The Prime Minister has not made the case for extending the Iraq deployment another 18 months nor the expansion of their mission, says Opposition Leader Andrew Little.  “Labour originally opposed the deployment because the Iraqi Army’s track record was poor, ...
    5 days ago
  • Denial is a long river
    William Rolleston from Federated Farmers made the absurd claim on RNZ on Saturday that “we actually have very clean rivers”. This statement doesn’t represent the many farmers who know water quality is in big trouble and are working to clean ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    5 days ago
  • Denial is a long river
    William Rolleston from Federated Farmers made the absurd claim on RNZ on Saturday that “we actually have very clean rivers”. This statement doesn’t represent the many farmers who know water quality is in big trouble and are working to clean ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    5 days ago
  • Melanoma deaths could be avoided by an early access scheme
      The tragic death of Dunedin’s Graeme Dore from advanced Melanoma underlines the cruelty of this Government in promising a treatment but delaying for months, says Labour’s Health Spokesperson Annette King.  “Graeme was diagnosed with Melanoma last year. He used ...
    5 days ago
  • Assessing the Defence White Paper
    The Government’s recently released Defence White Paper has raised questions again about New Zealand’s defence priorities, and in particular the level and nature of public funding on defensive capabilities. The Green Party has a longstanding belief that priority must be ...
    GreensBy Kennedy Graham
    5 days ago
  • Kiwis’ confidence drops again: Economy needs a boost
    Westpac’s consumer confidence survey has fallen for the seventh time in nine quarters, with middle income households ‘increasingly worried about where the economy is heading over the next few years’, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “This survey is a ...
    5 days ago
  • Relocation grant simply kicks can down the road
    The response by state house tenants and social agencies to the Government’s rushed plan to shift families out of Auckland tells us what we already knew – this is no answer to the chronic housing shortage, Opposition Leader Andrew Little ...
    5 days ago
  • Peace hīkoi to Parihaka
    On Friday a Green crew walked with the peace hīkoi from Ōkato to Parihaka. Some of us were from Parliament and some were party members from Taranaki and further afield. It was a cloudy but gentle day and at one ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    5 days ago
  • Children’s Commissioner right to worry about CYF transition
    The Government must listen to the Children’s Commissioner’s concerns that young people under CYF care could be ‘negatively impacted’ as the new agency’s reforms become reality, says Labour’s Children’s spokesperson Jacinda Ardern. “Dr Russell Wills has used the second annual ...
    5 days ago
  • Bill English exaggerates PPL costs to justify veto
    The Finance Minister has used trumped-up costings to justify a financial veto against parents having 26 weeks paid parental leave, says Labour MP Sue Moroney. “Bill English’s assertion on RNZ yesterday that the measure would cost an extra $280 million ...
    1 week ago
  • Government must refund overcharged motorists
    Labour is calling on the Government to refund motor registration fees to three-quarters of a million Kiwi motorists whose vehicles were wrongly classified under National’s shambolic ACC motor vehicle risk rating system, Labour’s ACC spokesperson Sue Moroney says.“Minister Kaye’s ridiculous ...
    1 week ago
  • 90-day work trials an unfair failure which must change
    A new Treasury report shows the Government’s 90-day trials haven’t helped businesses and are inherently unfair, Labour’s Workplace Relations spokesperson Iain Lees-Galloway says. “The Motu report found that 90-day trial periods had no impact on overall employment and did not ...
    1 week ago
  • Massey East houses a start but Nick Smith should think bigger
    The Massey East 196-home development is a start but the Government must think bigger if it is to end the housing crisis, Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford says. “It is great the Government is finally realising it needs to build ...
    1 week ago
  • More changes needed to ensure fewer cases like Teina Pora’s
    Teina Pora spent 21 years behind bars for a crime he didn’t commit, shafted by a Police investigation that prioritised an investigator’s hunch over the pursuit of credible evidence. Yesterday’s announcement that the government is to pay him $2.5m in ...
    GreensBy David Clendon
    1 week ago
  • New Zealand Labour sends condolences to UK
    The New Zealand Labour Party is sickened and saddened by the murder of British Labour MP Jo Cox, Labour Leader Andrew Little says. “Ms Cox was killed in cold blood while simply doing her job as a constituent MP. She ...
    1 week ago
  • Shameful refugee quota increase still leaves NZ at the bottom of the list
    Minister for Immigration Michael Woodhouse announced this week that the government will put off increasing the refugee quota by 1000 places until 2018.  It’s a shameful decision that undermines the Government’s claim that it takes its international humanitarian obligations seriously, ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    1 week ago
  • Paula Bennett as a victim hard to swallow
    The National Party spin machine has gone into overdrive to try and present Paula Bennett as the victim in the Te Puea Marae smear saga, says Labour Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford. “Bill English in Parliament today tried valiantly to paint ...
    1 week ago
  • Voters to have the final veto on paid parental leave
    New Zealanders will have the final right of veto on a Government that has ignored democracy and is out of touch with the pressures and demands on families, says Labour MP Sue Moroney. “Today’s decision by National to veto 26 ...
    1 week ago
  • Collins should put Kiwis’ money where her mouth is
    Labour’s Police spokesman Stuart Nash is calling on anyone who has received a speeding ticket for going up to 5km/h over the 100km/hr open road speed limit to write to him and he will take it up on their behalf ...
    1 week ago
  • Where is the leadership on equal pay for work of equal value?
    The gender pay gap in the public service is worse than in the private sector. I’ve always found this particularly galling because I expect our Government to provide an example to the private sector on things like human rights, rather ...
    GreensBy Jan Logie
    1 week ago
  • Kiwis’ real disposable income goes nowhere for the year
    New Zealanders’ hard work for the last year resulted in no increase in real disposable income, showing Kiwis aren’t getting ahead under National, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Today’s GDP figures reveal that real gross national disposable income per ...
    1 week ago
  • Pora case a case to learn from
    Conformation that Teina Pora will receive $2.5million from the Crown for more than 20 years of wrongful imprisonment does not fix the flaws in our system that led to this miscarriage of justice, Labour’s Justice spokesperson Jacinda Ardern says. “The ...
    1 week ago
  • Government needs to start again with RMA changes
    The National Government’s proposed changes to the Resource Management Act have attracted more than 800 submissions, many of them critical of key aspects of the Resource Legislation Bill. There has been much criticism of the new regulation making powers given ...
    GreensBy Eugenie Sage
    1 week ago
  • Bennett’s briefing completely unacceptable
    It is completely unacceptable that Paula Bennett briefed her political staff on the police investigation into Hurimoana Dennis after her meeting with him, despite it having nothing to do with her social housing portfolio, says Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford. ...
    1 week ago
  • Speech to Green Building Council
    Building smarter, greener cities It will be clear to anyone who has been watching the public debate on the housing crisis that housing in New Zealand is sadly far from being economically sustainable when Auckland has the fourth most unaffordable ...
    1 week ago
  • Paula Bennett has more questions to answer
    It is unthinkable that Paula Bennett’s press secretary went rogue and tried to smear the reputation of someone involved in helping the homeless, Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford says. “Political staff would not take such serious unilateral action without the ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Speech on Notice of Motion on Orlando
    Mr Speaker, The Labour Party joins with the government in expressing our horror at this atrocity and our love and sympathy are with the victims and their families. Our thoughts are with the people of Orlando and of the United ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Tiakina Ngā Wai – Swimmable Rivers Report June 2016
    The campaign to clean up our rivers was launched at the Green Conference at Queens Birthday weekend. However, the work prior to the launch goes back a number of years. Russel Norman and Eugenie Sage deserve full credit for the ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    2 weeks ago
  • We can do more: Refugee quota should be doubled
    New Zealand is a better country than National’s miserable increase in the refugee quota that ignores our obligations to the international community and people in need, says Opposition Leader Andrew Little. “It is a sad day when the Government can’t ...
    2 weeks ago

Public service advertisements by The Standard

Current CO2 level in the atmosphere