web analytics

Census 2013: glossing over the divides

Written By: - Date published: 12:21 pm, December 3rd, 2013 - 17 comments
Categories: cost of living, education, employment, housing, Maori Issues, newspapers, spin, wages - Tags:

The latest census data is being revealed, and there’s a guide available to some of the main findings on Stuff and the NZ Herald’s sites.  The information is presented in pretty much the same format, indicating that both sites have mostly just re-published Stats NZ’s package.  There’s some interesting information there, but also some curious ways of packaging the information.

The headlines for both are focusing on the aging population. The overall increase in the 50-69 age group is significant.  NZ Herald article on it states that this amounts to an increase of 2 years in the median age.

Income 

However, the more telling statistics of socio-economic differences come lower down in the article, and they are packaged in a distorted way.  The stats are packaged as for a representative village of 100 people (i.e. indicating a percentage):

Census 2013 income

Better view of the graphic in the NZ Herald article.

The misleading part is the way it organises incomes into bands:

$30,000 and less per year- 38 people (38% of labour force)

$30,000 to $70,000 – 25 people (25% of labour force)

That adds up to 63% of the labour force.  So the median (mid point with 50% above and below that income level) is obscured somewhere between $30-$70 thou per year.

It doesn’t state whether this is net or gross income. *

The graphic shows that there’s a $13,400 difference between the median income for men and women.  It also shows that the median income for Maori is $22,500 ($27,200 median for Maori men; $19, 900 median for Maori women).

Occupations

The graphic breaks down the occupations into general groups.  It’s also a bit misleading because it has one category for “professionals” (10) and “managers” (8) making them look like the biggest group (18), while breaking workers into a variety of groups:

clerical and admin workers (5);

technicians and trades workers (5);

labourers (5);

community and personal service workers (4);

sales workers (4);

machine operators and drivers (2).

Total workers (non-professional or managers), 25 workers.

Overall total of sample included is 43 (strange number).

“Professionals” and one for “managers”.  These could overlap and also include a pretty diverse range of incomes: from the top 5% of earners to the lower middle income in the lower end of the $30,000-$70,000 range.

Housing

Another significant finding is in relation to housing.  We are in the midst of an (un)affordable housing crisis, especially in Canterbury and Auckland.

The country’s total number of dwellings, both occupied and unoccupied, increased by just over 118,000 since 2006, to top 1.7 million.

Nearly 30 per cent of this increase was in the Auckland region.

While there were more dwellings, a lower proportion of households owned their homes.

“The rate of home ownership fell to just under 65 per cent at the 2013 census, compared with almost 67 per cent at the 2006 census,” Ms MacPherson said.

The number of unoccupied dwellings increased sharply since 2006, up more than 26,000 or 16.4 per cent.

“Almost 40 percent of this increase was in Canterbury, probably because of people leaving their dwellings after the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes,” Ms MacPherson said.

The amount of dwellings increased by $118,000, but the population increased by 214,101.  So they increase in dwellings meant one for about every 2 people.  As I recall, past stats showed there was an ongoing increase in one person households.

The most worrying stat is that there has been a big increase in unoccupied dwellings.  Canterbury accounts for 40% of this, but where are the other 60% of the increase?  Is this land bankers buying up proprty and sitting on it in the hope of some big dividend in the future?

The stuff report on it is here.

I don’t see anything on those struggling to live on benefits.

This is just my first look at the reports of the stats released today.  I am pretty sure you all will have further observations to make as some people dig further into the statistics.

* [Update] The income stats are based on “total income”: i.e. gross amount.

Stats NZ reports that the median income was $28,500

census 2013 male female personal-income

17 comments on “Census 2013: glossing over the divides”

  1. Greg 1

    Just to clarify, surely the village of 100 people aren’t all assumed to be in the work force (specifically, the young and the old). Therefore the percentages quoted (e.g. 38 % on under $30k) are incorrect?

    Also, 118,000 dwellings for 214,101 people doesn’t seem that bad (it’s an average of 1.8 people per household). If anything I would have thought that number would be higher? May be 2-3 people per household?

    • tricledrwown 1.1

      this housing stat is skewed by rural housing alot of rural towns and cities have an oversupply of housing while the 2 main cities have an under supply just putting the overall housing supply up is the Herald covering up the truth.

  2. Rosie 2

    Hi karol.

    “It doesn’t state whether this is net or gross income”.

    I’m not sure how they report on income at Statistics NZ, whether income is gross or net but my assumption is that it is gross, based on the way salaries and wages are referred to within businesses, unions and organisations, and when jobs are advertised they are advertise the gross remuneration figure.

    • karol 2.1

      Thanks, Rosie. Yes it is the gross amount. I have found the relevant stuff on the Stats NZ website and updated the post accordingly.

      And now I’m confused. The NZ and Stuff reports say 38/100 earn less than $30,000, but stats NZ puts median income as $28,000. Is it that the latter figure includes people not in paid employment, while the first one includes only employed people?

      • Rosie 2.1.1

        The Stats NZ section “education and employment” under work status, within the stuff link you provide has four categories, full time, part time, unemployed and not in labour force so once again with my assumptions I’d say the median income of $28K includes employed and those unemployed who are receiving a benefit.
        That 38/100 of those earning under $30K is the median isn’t it? (I say with some uncertainty, because I’m a little confused now)

        • karol 2.1.1.1

          Well, it makes sens to have $30,000 as a cut off point as $28k is the median. Maybe the NZ Herald graph excludes those with zero income – according to the Stats NZ link, a bit over 10% of people: around 7% of men and 8% of women. What do they live on? The stats are for people over 15 yrs – so some will be dependent on their parents, and some women (maybe some men also) dependent on their partner or children.

          • Rosie 2.1.1.1.1

            “What do they live on?”

            You’re quite right when you say some will be dependant on their partner. Thats me, unemployed but with no access to a benefit because my husband has a salary that is more than the peanuts minimum wage. The same goes for an unemployed male friend who is dependant on his wife’s income. So, I am part of the 8% and he part of the 7%. This is not a fun statistic zone to live in.

            • karol 2.1.1.1.1.1

              Agreed, Rosie. I don’t think it’s a fun place to be. And if the NZ Herald has omitted that group they are distorting the stats. Furthermore, they are masking the unemployment numbers.

        • Puddleglum 2.1.1.2

          Hi Rosie,

          Median weekly income for all people from all sources was $575.

          “Median weekly income from wages and salaries (for those receiving income from this source) was $844, up $38 (4.8 percent). ”

          These are the New Zealand Income Survey figures for the June 2013 quarter.

          $575 is $29,900 per year (gross). $844 is $43,888 per year.

  3. weizguy 3

    I know they’ve done it for ease of reading, but the second income graph distorts the picture horribly, by changing the size of the brackets at $70K. If you’re going to change the brackets, at least split it off slightly, or do something obvious to make it clear that the curve breaks for a reason.

  4. ghostwhowalksnz 4

    Also glossed over , in a lot of provincial census ” sub districts” or what ever they call them , there is a drop in population. With most of the rest stable or a slight increase.

    Provincial NZ and rural areas are dying. I would have thought that was BIG news

  5. Ad 5

    More than 60% of women earn $30,000 or less!
    Socialism has a serious gender weighting task.

  6. binders full of women 6

    Regions are being ‘hollowed out’ ie even when they aren’t decreasing and are remaining static.. numbers wise.. the workers are leaving and the population is becoming older & younger (less middles). No surprises re the incomes… until we go Scandinavian and harness the oil (with a higher royalty) we’re screwed.

  7. This article in the Herald has more of a focus on the income parts of the census.

    Growing inequality since 2006 is the central theme.

Links to post

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

  • National’s cuts shave $100K off KiwiSaver by retirement
    New analysis shows National’s constant cuts to KiwiSaver will reduce the average worker’s retirement savings by $100,000 over their working life, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. “The former Labour Government launched KiwiSaver nine years ago today to boost ...
    1 day ago
  • TPK struggles to measure Whānau Ora outcomes
    The Government needs to explain why so many vulnerable whanau are falling through the cracks, Labour’s Whānau Ora spokesperson Nanaia Mahuta says. The Minister of Māori Development Te Ururoa Flavell attended the Māori Affairs Select Committee to highlight “gains” – ...
    1 day ago
  • EY: TPP stamp duties on foreigners may have to apply to Kiwis
    The Government’s claim that a TPP-enabled tax on foreign buyers would amount to a ban has been exposed as folly by tax experts, who say that in most cases a tax would apply to Kiwi buyers too, says Labour’s Trade ...
    2 days ago
  • Project 300 short on facts
    A Minister’s pet scheme to employ 300 disabled people in Christchurch seems to be short on facts, says Labour’s Disability Issues spokesperson Poto Williams.  “Nicky Wagner cannot provide solid evidence to show that her much vaunted Project 300 has actually ...
    2 days ago
  • Who are they going to call?
    A cry for help from New Zealand’s longest-running crisis line highlights chronic underfunding of the sector by the Government, Labour’s Health spokesperson Annette King says. “Lifeline is THE go-to helpline for people in crisis, taking up to 180,000 calls each ...
    3 days ago
  • Five months too long for homeless to wait
    New figures revealing homeless people registered with Work and Income are waiting an average of 155 days to be housed shows the Government is totally overwhelmed by the housing crisis, Labour’s Social Development spokesperson Carmel Sepuloni says. “What’s worse is ...
    3 days ago
  • Minister in cloud cuckoo land
    Hekia Parata needs a very big reality check if she truly believes every parent has the choice of sending their child to a private school, Labour’s Education spokesperson Chris Hipkins says. Questioned in the House today about plans to pump ...
    3 days ago
  • Convention centre failure means years of uncertainty for CBD
    The failure of Gerry Brownlee’s planned convention centre deal leaves Christchurch facing uncertainty about when activity will be restored to the CBD, says Labour’s Canterbury spokesperson Megan Woods. “As one of the CBD’s major anchor projects, the convention centre complex ...
    3 days ago
  • PCE proves water quality still deteriorating
    The PCE State of the Environment Report shows that river water quality is continuing to get worse across large parts of New Zealand, says Labour’s Environment and Water spokesperson David Parker. “Water quality has deteriorated in Canterbury, Central Otago, Auckland, ...
    3 days ago
  • Families with new babies victims of today’s veto
    Families with new babies are the victims of an historical “first” for the New Zealand Parliament today. “For the first time ever, a Bill will have a third reading debate and no vote will be taken at the end because ...
    3 days ago
  • Crime on the rise…again!
    The Police Minister’s contention that Police have enough resources to meet the expectations of New Zealand communities is not reflected in the Police’s own statistics, says Labour’s Police spokesperson Stuart Nash.  “Yet again, reported burglaries have increased in every region ...
    4 days ago
  • Private schools beneficiaries of extra cash
    Plans to give more taxpayer money to private schools at a time when state schools are struggling to make ends meet says everything about the National Government’s twisted priorities, Labour’s Education spokesperson Chris Hipkins says. “Not only did this year’s ...
    4 days ago
  • Inequality getting worse under National
    Inequality is getting worse under National with almost 60 per cent of the wealth in this country concentrated in the hands of the top 10 per cent according to Statistics NZ figures released today, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. ...
    4 days ago
  • Government freezes elderly out of insulation subsidy
    Government cuts to the Warm Up New Zealand insulation subsidy means it will now only be available for rental properties and could leave many elderly homeowners cold this winter, Opposition Leader Andrew Little says. “In this year’s Budget the Government ...
    5 days ago
  • Shewan report delivers rebuke to National
    John Shewan’s report into foreign trusts is a rebuke to John Key and the National Party who have protected an industry that has damaged New Zealand’s reputation, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Three years ago the Inland Revenue Department ...
    5 days ago
  • Auckland Airport rail analysis must be made public
    The Government should publicly release its detailed analysis of rail to Auckland Airport before it closes off options, so the public can have an informed debate, says Labour’s Auckland Issues spokesperson Phil Twyford. The Transport Agency today said it is ...
    5 days ago
  • Minister approved OIO consent despite death and investigations
    Louise Upston must say if she knew Intueri was being prosecuted for the death of a student and under a funding investigation when she approved its overseas investment consent to buy another education provider, says Labour’s Land Information and Associate ...
    6 days ago
  • Brexit vote costs NZ effective EU voice
    Despite being extremely close the result of the referendum in Britain reflects the majority voice, Labour’s Foreign Affairs spokesperson David Shearer says. “While we respect the decision to leave the EU, it goes without saying the move will usher in ...
    1 week ago
  • Pasifika Education Centre doomed
    The Pasifika Education Centre appears doomed to close down this December, says Labour’s Pacific Island Affairs spokesperson Su’a William Sio  “In a written question I asked the Minister whether he would put a bid in for more money. His answer ...
    1 week ago
  • Onetai Station review a shameful whitewash
    A report released today on the Overseas Investment Office’s (OIO) good character test is a whitewash that does nothing to improve New Zealand’s overseas investment regime, says Labour’s Land Information spokesperson David Cunliffe. “The review of the good character test ...
    1 week ago
  • We need a national strategy to end homelessness now
    Long before I entered Parliament, housing and homelessness were issues dear to my heart. I know from personal experience just how hard it is to find an affordable home in Auckland. In my maiden speech, I talked about how when ...
    GreensBy Marama Davidson
    1 week ago
  • Capital feels a chill economic wind
      Wellington is on the cusp of recession with a sharp fall in economic confidence in the latest Westpac McDermott Miller confidence survey, says Labour’s Regional Development spokesperson David Clark.  “Economic confidence amongst Wellingtonians has dropped 12% in the past ...
    1 week ago
  • Dive school rort took six years to dredge up
    News that yet another private training establishment (PTE) has rorted the Government’s tertiary funding system since 2009 shows that Steven Joyce has no control of the sector, says Labour’s Associate Education (Tertiary) spokesperson David Cunliffe. “Like Agribusiness Training and Taratahi, ...
    1 week ago
  • National’s housing crisis hitting renters hard
    National’s ongoing housing crisis is causing massive rental increases, with Auckland renters being hit the hardest, says Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford. ...
    1 week ago
  • A Day with the PSA
    This week, along with Labour MP Kris Faafoi, I accepted an invitation to spend a day working alongside the good folk at the Public Service Association in Wellington. As the Workplace Relations and Safety spokesperson for the Greens, I was ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    1 week ago
  • A Day with the PSA
    This week, along with Labour MP Kris Faafoi, I accepted an invitation to spend a day working alongside the good folk at the Public Service Association in Wellington. As the Workplace Relations and Safety spokesperson for the Greens, I was ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    1 week ago
  • Government holds Northland back
    New information shows Northland remains the most economically depressed region in New Zealand, says Labour’s Regional Development spokesperson David Clark. “The latest Westpac McDermott Miller regional survey found that more Northlanders believe their local economy will deteriorate this year than ...
    1 week ago
  • Rebstock report into MFAT leaks a disgrace
    An Ombudsman’s report on the Paul Rebstock investigation into MFAT leaks shows the two diplomats at the centre of the case were treated disgracefully, says Labour’s State Services spokesperson Kris Faafoi.  “The Ombudsman says one of the diplomats Derek Leask ...
    1 week ago
  • More families forced to turn to food banks for meals
    Increasing numbers of families are having to go to food banks just to put a meal on the table, according to a new report that should shame the Government into action, says Labour’s Social Development spokesperson Carmel Sepuloni. ...
    1 week ago
  • We have a housing emergency in New Zealand
    Auckland, New Zealand, where house prices have risen 20 percent in the last year alone We have a housing emergency in New Zealand.  Like many people we are ashamed and angry that in a wealthy country like ours, we have ...
    GreensBy Eugenie Sage
    1 week ago
  • We have a housing emergency in New Zealand
    Auckland, New Zealand, where house prices have risen 20 percent in the last year alone We have a housing emergency in New Zealand.  Like many people we are ashamed and angry that in a wealthy country like ours, we have ...
    GreensBy Eugenie Sage
    1 week ago
  • Aussie reforms signal trouble ahead for school funding plan
    Plans by the Government to return to bulk funding are likely to see increased class sizes and schools most in need missing out on much-needed resources, Labour’s Acting Education spokesperson Grant Robertson says. “The signaled return to bulk funding is ...
    1 week ago
  • Toxic Sites – the down low on the go slow
    In  2011, I negotiated an agreement with the National Government to advance work on cleaning up contaminated sites across the country. This included establishing a National Register of the ten worst sites where the creators of the problem could not ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    1 week ago
  • Aucklanders face new motorway tax of up to $2500 a year
    The Government wants to tax Aucklanders thousands of dollars a year just to use the motorway network, says Labour’s Auckland Issues spokesperson Phil Twyford. “Officials estimate the average city commute is 11.8km. This means for the average Aucklander commuting five ...
    1 week ago
  • 15 corrupt bank managers identified in student fraud
    New information show 15 bank managers in India have been identified by Immigration New Zealand as presenting fraudulent documents on behalf of foreign students studying here, Labour’s Immigration spokesperson Iain Lees-Galloway says. “Documents obtained by Labour under the Official Information ...
    2 weeks ago
  • National leaves Kiwi savers the most vulnerable in OECD
    News last week that Israel’s Finance Minister will insure savers’ bank deposits means New Zealand will be left as the only country in the OECD that has no deposit insurance to protect savers’ funds should a bank fail. Most Kiwis ...
    GreensBy James Shaw
    2 weeks ago
  • Comprehensive plan for future of work needed
    A Massey University study showing many New Zealanders are unaware of the increasing role of automation in their workplace, highlights the need for a comprehensive plan for the future of work, says Grant Robertson, Chair of Labour’s Future of Work ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Another National Government failure: 90 day work trials
    On Friday last week, the Treasury released a report by MOTU economic consultants into the effectiveness of the controversial 90-day work trial legislation. The report found that there was “no evidence that the policy affected the number of hires by ...
    GreensBy Denise Roche
    2 weeks ago
  • Iraq mission extension case not made
    The Prime Minister has not made the case for extending the Iraq deployment another 18 months nor the expansion of their mission, says Opposition Leader Andrew Little.  “Labour originally opposed the deployment because the Iraqi Army’s track record was poor, ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Denial is a long river
    William Rolleston from Federated Farmers made the absurd claim on RNZ on Saturday that “we actually have very clean rivers”. This statement doesn’t represent the many farmers who know water quality is in big trouble and are working to clean ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    2 weeks ago
  • Denial is a long river
    William Rolleston from Federated Farmers made the absurd claim on RNZ on Saturday that “we actually have very clean rivers”. This statement doesn’t represent the many farmers who know water quality is in big trouble and are working to clean ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    2 weeks ago
  • Melanoma deaths could be avoided by an early access scheme
      The tragic death of Dunedin’s Graeme Dore from advanced Melanoma underlines the cruelty of this Government in promising a treatment but delaying for months, says Labour’s Health Spokesperson Annette King.  “Graeme was diagnosed with Melanoma last year. He used ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Assessing the Defence White Paper
    The Government’s recently released Defence White Paper has raised questions again about New Zealand’s defence priorities, and in particular the level and nature of public funding on defensive capabilities. The Green Party has a longstanding belief that priority must be ...
    GreensBy Kennedy Graham
    2 weeks ago
  • Kiwis’ confidence drops again: Economy needs a boost
    Westpac’s consumer confidence survey has fallen for the seventh time in nine quarters, with middle income households ‘increasingly worried about where the economy is heading over the next few years’, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “This survey is a ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Relocation grant simply kicks can down the road
    The response by state house tenants and social agencies to the Government’s rushed plan to shift families out of Auckland tells us what we already knew – this is no answer to the chronic housing shortage, Opposition Leader Andrew Little ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Peace hīkoi to Parihaka
    On Friday a Green crew walked with the peace hīkoi from Ōkato to Parihaka. Some of us were from Parliament and some were party members from Taranaki and further afield. It was a cloudy but gentle day and at one ...
    GreensBy Catherine Delahunty
    2 weeks ago
  • Children’s Commissioner right to worry about CYF transition
    The Government must listen to the Children’s Commissioner’s concerns that young people under CYF care could be ‘negatively impacted’ as the new agency’s reforms become reality, says Labour’s Children’s spokesperson Jacinda Ardern. “Dr Russell Wills has used the second annual ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Bill English exaggerates PPL costs to justify veto
    The Finance Minister has used trumped-up costings to justify a financial veto against parents having 26 weeks paid parental leave, says Labour MP Sue Moroney. “Bill English’s assertion on RNZ yesterday that the measure would cost an extra $280 million ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Government must refund overcharged motorists
    Labour is calling on the Government to refund motor registration fees to three-quarters of a million Kiwi motorists whose vehicles were wrongly classified under National’s shambolic ACC motor vehicle risk rating system, Labour’s ACC spokesperson Sue Moroney says.“Minister Kaye’s ridiculous ...
    2 weeks ago
  • 90-day work trials an unfair failure which must change
    A new Treasury report shows the Government’s 90-day trials haven’t helped businesses and are inherently unfair, Labour’s Workplace Relations spokesperson Iain Lees-Galloway says. “The Motu report found that 90-day trial periods had no impact on overall employment and did not ...
    2 weeks ago

Public service advertisements by The Standard

Current CO2 level in the atmosphere