web analytics

Where ‘welfare reform’ ends

Written By: - Date published: 10:58 am, March 10th, 2014 - 25 comments
Categories: uk politics, welfare - Tags:

Sheila Holt, in the UK, is in a coma for 2 months. She has also just been invited to “intensive job-focused activity” by the Dept of Work & Pensions.

She’s suffered severe bipolar disorder since childhood and hasn’t been in paid employment since 16.  Despite her inability to sustain it – with regular traumatic episodes – she was pushed into the Work Programme before Christmas.  The stress broke her.

She had a manic episode and had to be hospitalised.  While there she had a heart attack and lapsed into a coma.

The Dept of Work & Pensions wasn’t done with her yet though.  They’re still pushing.

And while extreme, it is not an isolated case.

Research has been coming out showing that people living in hostels without internet access are being required to apply for 50-100 jobs each week or have their benefits cut – an impossible task. Single mothers of primary children are being told they have to apply for full-time jobs that aren’t practical if they are to raise their own children.

The private companies implementing the UK welfare reform, are desperately trying to hit targets of getting people back to work.  At any cost.  Early on they were found to have significant corruption, now they’re being found to fail their clients.

Claimants of benefits must have an assessment within 30 days.  The private companies are meant to assess 97% of people with in that time but are operating at 55-67% – meaning many who need it can’t claim their benefits, sometimes for months.  All this while the private companies charge the government more because they can’t manage their workload.

Here National are looking to follow the same path with using private companies to assess claimants and ‘help’ them back to work.  Whilst significant investment in getting people back ready and able for work is needed, is this the way forward?

Chris Riddell 23/02/2014

25 comments on “Where ‘welfare reform’ ends”

  1. MaxFletcher 1

    “Sheila Holt, in the UK, is in a coma for 2 months”

    *has been in coma

    Sorry, just that first line gabbed me immediately. I’ll keep reading..

  2. MaxFletcher 2

    “Research has been coming out showing that people living in hostels without internet access are being required to apply for 50-100 jobs each week or have their benefits cut – an impossible task.”

    Even with the internet that is an impossible tasks – there just aren’t that many jobs.

    • Draco T Bastard 2.1

      If there were 50 to 100 jobs available per person then there wouldn’t be any unemployment. In fact, the employers would be screaming for workers.

      It’s shit like this that really shows just how out of touch with reality that governments are.

  3. shorts 3

    I believe this is the actual end of benefit cuts:

    http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/feb/28/man-starved-to-death-after-benefits-cut

    Notice how often those suffering the most also have mental health issues – ie they are the very people welfare should help the most

    shame on all our houses

    • Draco T Bastard 3.1

      Some people should be jailed for murder over that one – starting with the politicians.

  4. geoff 4

    What a cartoon!
    And in our corner of the world, this week all the bank economists are again hyping up the economy, calling for interest rate hikes because they can’t fleece as many people with 5% deposit mortgages.
    Utter utter scumbags.

  5. Tiger Mountain 5

    Labour needs to suggest in election policy and if elected do the previously impossible and reinstate the benefit cuts from the 90s inclusive of CPI since. Nationals recent war on the poor has just piled on top of Labour’s “Jobs Jolt” and WFF.

    I have a seriously diabetic friend in West Auckland reduced to a near breakdown by WINZ staff insisting he be available for work when he can barely walk and has home dialysis.

    If the minimum wage is raised and a living wage instituted in stages the politicians beloved gap between workers and ‘bludgers’ will be maintained.

    The third way social democrats really kept this up. If WFF was scrapped workers would have to organise and get their own wage increases from their employers rather than fellow taxpayers. And as many say on The Standard a UBI might reduce the benefit stigma once and for all. WINZ workers going down the road is something that would really cheer me up.

  6. captain hook 6

    I guess the people who have jobs persecuting those who dont is an incentive to keep doing it to prove to the masters that just in case they lose their job that they have obeyed the simon legrees who get off on bashing up helpless people.

  7. Colonial Viper 7

    So, is Labour proposing to reverse their own fitness to work assessments and privately provided medical assessments of benficiaries, that they introduced via WINZ and ACC during Labour 5?

    • Aww 7.1

      Labour could get people who are on placement (Victoria just introduced placements to BA Hons apparently) to review the current arraignment, see how disabled people are actually treated by Work and Income, and if appropriate propose a new way of assessing those who are sick. At least it wouldn’t cost thousands in consulting fees.

  8. Tracey 8

    thats britain. nothing like that happens in nz

  9. thechangeling 9

    Had another yelling match with Winz on the phone the other week over whether or not I’m ‘suitable’ to be referred for a job they wanted C.V’s for.
    It’s easier to just go along with their insane B.S or else wind up with high blood pressure and the risk of a stroke or heart attack later in the day.
    On another occasion even my case manager said: “You have to be insane to work here”.

    • Stephanie Rodgers 9.1

      I knew a graphic designer who was constantly pushed to apply for any job which included the word “design”. Because Photoshop and branding expertise are so applicable to kitchen construction.

  10. Tracey 10

    ruth dysons regime required stressful reassessment of a family member with cerebral palsy, both physically and intellectual disabled to be sure he couldnt work. they could have just googled to see if a cure for cp had been developed.

    i dont need convincing that many reliant on the state live in fear.

  11. xtasy 11

    The outsourcing of employment referrals for mentally ill – same as sole parents – has already begun in New Zealand, and private operators get paid handsome fees for placing mental health sufferers into jobs – on trials that are running now.

    And astonishingly, one such private service provider is Workwise, whose ‘Strategic Policy Advisor’ Helen Lockett was also advising MSD and Paula Bennett on how to implement welfare reform, while sitting on the ‘Health and Disability Panel’. Surely she must have had a conflict of interest:

    http://nz.linkedin.com/pub/helen-lockett/25/1b/86b
    http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/GE1305/S00096/employment-and-mental-health.htm
    http://www.workwise.org.nz/news

    http://accforum.org/forums/index.php?/topic/15264-welfare-reform-the-health-and-disability-panel-msd-the-truth-behind-the-agenda/

    http://nzsocialjusticeblog2013.wordpress.com/2013/09/02/medical-and-work-capability-assessments-based-on-the-controversial-bio-psycho-social-model/

    More on this outsourcing is found in an article by Simon Collins in the ‘Herald’ not long ago:
    http://www.nzherald.co.nz/business/news/article.cfm?c_id=3&objectid=11190002
    (see the list of providers at the bottom of it)

    And here an article from the Herald on Sunday, 30 June 2013:
    http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10893823

    Even the ‘President Elect’ of the AFOEM (and former ATOS staff member) Dr David Beaumont has his own private work referral business on the South Island:

    http://www.pathwaystowork.co.nz/contact-us
    http://nz.linkedin.com/pub/david-beaumont/2a/780/943

    Strange that, how so many also have their own vested interests in all this?!

  12. Foreign waka 12

    Since NZ has no constitution the only redress would be via the human right commission. Besides, NZ despises all that is mainland Europe policy (not fit to emanate). I am not aware that this kind of policy would be possible unless the government is prepared to have at least 80% of the population marching onto parliament in any of the EU countries.

    • xtasy 12.1

      Foreign waka – I am unsure whether you commented under the right post here, but the UK type of welfare reforms, now to a substantial degree also being brought in here, have nothing much to do with “mainland Europe” policies! These reforms are more US style welfare reforms, and they are the result of intensive lobbying and interfering (“consulting”) by a US health and disability insurance corporation going by the name of UNUM, in the UK formerly also known as UNUM Provident.

      They “advised” the UK Department of Work and Pensions (DWP, their WINZ equivalent) for years, and worked closely with controversial former “Chief Medical Advisor” for DWP, later “director” and head of the “Unum Provident Centre for Psychosocial and Disability Research”, Professor Mansel Aylward. See the above posts for revealing info on that man!

      These welfare reforms are part of an agenda by private insurance corporations and others with vested interests, to basically privatise welfare, to set new rules, that lead to sick and disabled being exposed to new “fitness criteria” for work, based on science “reports” that Mansel Aylward was preparing while being subsidised by UNUM at the mentioned centre. Although he also used some selected other “findings” by the odd “continental European” researcher (like Norwegian H. Ursin), most appears to be coming from the UK (the mentioned centre at Cardiff Uni), and it is also based on a reinterpreted “model” for sickness and disability (“bio-psycho-social model”), that originated in the US. See the following info on UNUM:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unum

      “Unum became the focus of massive negative media attention in 2002, after several plaintiff’s attorneys who had sued the company went to national television outlets claiming that the company had quotas for closing claims. CBS’s 60 Minutes aired a very devastating article about Unum’s alleged abuses. Among their proof was a notorious “Hungry Vulture Award” offering employee rewards to close claims.”

      “Advising the United Kingdom government on claims since 1994, Unum has been involved with the UK’s controversial Welfare Reform Bill.[7][8] Unum was investigated by the BBC in England[9] and were described by critics as a ‘rogue firm’.[10][verification needed] In July 2010, Susan Ring, the CEO of Unum UK left her post and was replaced by Jack McGarry from Unum US, who was replaced in 2012 due to poor performance of the UK subsidiary.”

      ‘Memorandum submitted by UnumProvident (EDP 03)’ (to the Work and Pensions Select Committee):
      http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmselect/cmworpen/401/3021203.htm

      Further links to info worth studying:
      http://www.meactionuk.org.uk/HOOPER_CONCERNS_ABOUT_A_COMMERCIAL_CONFLICT_OF_INTEREST.htm
      http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/mar/17/epluribusunum
      http://disabilitynewsservice.com/2012/01/politicians-and-dwp-combine-to-block-answers-on-unum-links/
      http://disabilitynewsservice.com/2013/02/unum-bragged-about-driving-government-thinking-on-incapacity-benefit-reform/
      http://www.lawyersandsettlements.com/articles/first_unum/unum-insurance-disability-claims-18-17071.html?utm_expid=3607522-2.QRdCdW42SWGLZa0nRc6K3w.0&utm_referrer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lawyersandsettlements.com%2Fsearch.html%3Fkeywords%3Dunum%2Bgroup%2Bshares#.Ux4uk86ymB5
      http://www.lifehealthpro.com/2012/09/14/appeals-court-rules-against-disability-insurer

      I am afraid all this requires some study to comprehend, but NZers are being taken for a ride here, by having questionable, largely insufficiently researched “findings” – based largely on hand picked statistical data reports, being used to justify a “work will set you free” agenda, that will not deliver what is promised, certainly not without significant harm to the affected. It will largely benefit certain private service deliverers, insurance companies and the MSD and WINZ, the latter by saving costs, while the others can make money at the expense of the sick and disabled.

      • Foreign Waka 12.1.1

        xtasy, sorry I should have been more precise in the meaning of what I wrote. What I meant was essentially, if you would implement a welfare system like Unum in any of the mainland EU states, 80% of people would march onto parliament. They also tend to be more assertive about their rights.
        Yes, it is disgusting that such advise is being accepted by the governments here and the UK. I often wonder how long it will take until people have enough. I would like to know whether it is legal to do this as this is tax money that is held in trust and has been deducted for a particular purpose. By paying a middle men the amount that is available to the benefit of the payer is drastically reduced and can only be recouped by increasing tax and reducing benefit. Both is not part of the contract in the first place. Unless government is now not elected anymore and hence not answerable to those issues it would mean the UK has made a seamless translation to a totalitarian state.

  13. Mike S 13

    The following report is absolutely damning in it’s assessment of the work capability testing regime implemented as part of the UK’s new welfare reforms. It makes for scary reading.

    (sorry if someone has already published the report or a link to it)

    http://www.lcil.org.uk/assets/the-peoples-review-of-the-work-capability-assessment.doc

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

  • Just 8 per cent of work visas for skills shortages
    Just 16,000 – or 8 per cent – of the 209,000 work visas issued last year were for occupations for which there is an identified skills shortage, says Labour Immigration spokesperson Iain Lees-Galloway. “The overwhelming majority of the record number ...
    4 hours ago
  • Hard won agreement shouldn’t be thrown away
    The Government should ignore talk across the Tasman about doing away with the labelling of GM free products, says Labour’s Health spokesperson Annette King. “Labelling of genetically modified products was a hard won agreement in 2001 by Australian and the ...
    4 hours ago
  • National’s privatisation Trojan horse
     The National government is using the need to modernise the school system as a Trojan horse for privatisation and an end to free public education as we know it, Labour’s Education spokesperson Chris Hipkins says.  “There is no doubt that ...
    4 hours ago
  • Shameless land-banking ads show need for crackdown
    The fact that more than 300 sections are shamelessly being advertised on Trade Me as land-banking opportunities during a housing crisis shows the need for a crackdown on property speculators, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. “Of the 328 ...
    6 hours ago
  • Standard and Poor’s warning of housing crisis impact on banks
    The National Government’s failure to address the housing crisis is leading to dire warnings from ratings agency Standard and Poor’s about the impact on the strength of the economy and New Zealand banks, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Standard ...
    6 hours ago
  • Ihumatao needs action not sympathy
    The Petition of Save Our Unique Landscape (SOUL) calling on Parliament to revoke Special Housing Area 62 in order to protect the Ihumatao Peninsula and Stonefields, has fallen on deaf ears, says the Labour MP for Mangere Su’a William Sio.  ...
    8 hours ago
  • Student visa fraud & exploitation must stop
    The Government must act immediately to end fraud and exploitation of international students that threatens to damage New Zealand’s reputation, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. ...
    1 day ago
  • Government needs to show leadership in reviewing monetary policy
    The Reserve Bank’s struggles to meet its inflation target, the rising exchange rate and the continued housing crisis shows current monetary policy needs to be reviewed - with amendments to the policy targets agreement a bare minimum, says Labour’s Finance ...
    1 day ago
  • Slash and burn of special education support
    Slashing the support for school age children with special needs is no way to fund earlier intervention, Labour’s Education Spokesperson Chris Hipkins says.  “National’s latest plan to slash funding for children with special needs over the age of 7 in ...
    2 days ago
  • National’s Pasifika MPs must have free vote
      Pacific people will not take kindly to the Government whipping their Pacific MPs to vote in favour of a  Bill that will allow Sunday trading  at Easter, says Labour’s Pacific Island Affairs spokesperson Su’a William Sio.  “We are seeing ...
    4 days ago
  • Maritime Crimes Bill – balancing security and free speech
    Parliament is currently considering the Maritime Crimes Amendment Bill, which would bring New Zealand up to date with current international rules about maritime security. The debate around the Bill reflects two valid issues: legitimate counter-terrorism measures and the right to ...
    GreensBy Kennedy Graham
    5 days ago
  • Teachers’ low wages at the centre of shortages
      Figures that show teachers’ wages have grown the slowest of all occupations is at the heart of the current teacher shortage, says Labour’s Education Spokesperson Chris Hipkins.  In the latest Labour Cost Index, education professionals saw their wages grow ...
    5 days ago
  • Government’s Tax Law undermines common law principles
    A tax amendment being snuck in under the radar allows changes to tax issues to be driven through by the Government without Parliamentary scrutiny, says Labour’s Revenue spokesman Stuart Nash. “The amendment allows any part of the Tax Administration Act ...
    5 days ago
  • Government slippery about caption funding
      The Government has refused to apologise for taking the credit for funding Olympic Games captioning when the National Foundation for the Deaf  was responsible, says Labour’s spokesperson on Disability Issues Poto Williams.  “This shameful act of grandstanding by Ministers ...
    6 days ago
  • Default KiwiSaver investments should be reviewed
    The investments of the default KiwiSaver providers should be reviewed to make sure they are in line with New Zealanders’ values and expectations, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Most New Zealanders would be appalled that their KiwiSaver funds are ...
    6 days ago
  • New ministry should look after all children
    The Government has today shunned well founded pleas by experts not to call its new agency the Ministry for Vulnerable Children, Labour’s Spokesperson for Children Jacinda Ardern says.  “Well respected organisations and individuals such as Children's Commissioner Judge Andrew Becroft ...
    6 days ago
  • Ratification okay but we need action
    Today’s decision to ratify the Paris agreement on Climate Change by the end of the year is all well and good but where is the plan, says Labour’s Climate Change spokesperson Megan Woods.  “The Government’s failure to plan is planning ...
    1 week ago
  • Stats changes can’t hide unemployment reality
    Today’s minor drop in unemployment numbers is nothing to celebrate given the changes made to the official numbers that cut thousands of people looking for work out of the jobless rate, says Labour’s Employment spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Making any comparisons ...
    1 week ago
  • Stats changes can’t hide unemployment reality
    Today’s minor drop in unemployment numbers is nothing to celebrate given the changes made to the official numbers that cut thousands of people looking for work out of the jobless rate, says Labour’s Employment spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Making any comparisons ...
    1 week ago
  • Auckland’s affordable homes plummet 72% under National
    Comprehensive new data from CoreLogic has found the number of homes in Auckland valued at under $600,000 has plummeted by 72 per cent since National took office, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. “This data tracks the changes in ...
    1 week ago
  • Govt should face the facts not skew the facts
    National appears to be actively massaging official unemployment statistics by changing the measure for joblessness to exclude those looking online, says Labour’s Employment spokesperson Grant Robertson. “The Household Labour Force Survey, released tomorrow, no longer regards people job hunting on ...
    1 week ago
  • More voices call for review of immigration policy
    The Auckland Chamber of Commerce is the latest credible voice to call for a review of immigration and skills policy, leaving John Key increasingly isolated, says Opposition Leader Andrew Little. “The Prime Minister is rapidly becoming a man alone. He ...
    1 week ago
  • Better balance needed in Intelligence Bill
    Labour will support the NZ Intelligence and Security Bill to select committee so the issues can be debated nationwide and important amendments can be made, says Opposition Leader Andrew Little. ...
    1 week ago
  • Serco circus has no place in NZ
    A High Court judgment proves National’s private prison agenda has failed and the Serco circus has no place in New Zealand correctional facilities, Labour’s Corrections spokesperson Kelvin Davis says. ...
    2 weeks ago
  • State house sell-off a kick in the guts for Tauranga’s homeless
    The Government’s sale of 1124 state houses in Tauranga won’t house a single extra homeless person in the city, says Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford. “Tauranga, like the rest of New Zealand, has a crisis of housing affordability and homelessness. ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Axing Auckland’s affordable quota disappointing
    Auckland Council has given away a useful tool for delivering more affordable housing by voting to accept the Independent Hearing Panel’s recommendation to abolish affordable quotas for new developments, says Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford. ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Ae Marika! Māori Party Oath Bill fails
    The Māori Party must reconsider its relationship with National after they failed to support Marama Fox’s Treaty of Waitangi Oath bill, Labour’s Maori Development Spokesperson Kelvin Davis says. ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Police Minister all platitudes no detail
    The Police Minister must explain where the budget for new police officers is coming from after continuously obfuscating, Labour’s Police spokesperson Stuart Nash says. ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Lost luggage law shows National’s lost the plot
    The Government has proven it can’t address the big issues facing the tourism industry by allowing a Members Bill on lost luggage to be a priority, Labour’s Tourism spokesman Kris Faafoi said. “Nuk Korako’s Bill drawn from the Members’ Ballot ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Hiding behind the law – but can’t say which law
    National is refusing to come clean on what caused the potential trade dispute with China by hiding behind laws and trade rules they can’t even name, says Labour’s Trade and Export Growth spokesperson David Clark. “National admitted today that an ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Work visas issued for jobs workless Kiwis want
    Thousands of work visas for low-skilled jobs were issued by the Government in the past year despite tens of thousands of unemployed Kiwis looking for work in those exact occupations, Labour’s Immigration spokesperson Iain Lees-Galloway says. “A comparison of the ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Kiwis nationwide now paying for housing crisis
    The Government’s failure to tackle the housing crisis is now affecting the entire country with nationwide house price inflation in the past year hitting 26 per cent, Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford says. “None of National’s tinkering or half-baked, piecemeal ...
    2 weeks ago
  • OCR cut piles pressure on Government
    Today’s OCR cut must be backed by Government action on housing and economic growth, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Reserve Bank Governor Graeme Wheeler’s monetary policy statement underlines the limits of Bill English’s economic management. He says growth is ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Government must explain the McClay delay
    Todd McClay must explain why it took two months for him to properly inform the Prime Minister about China’s potential trade retaliation, says Labour’s Trade and Export Growth spokesperson David Clark. “This may be one of the most serious trade ...
    2 weeks ago
  • OCR cut would be vote of no confidence in economy
    If Reserve Bank Governor Graeme Wheeler cuts the OCR tomorrow it would show that, despite his loudly-voiced concerns about fuelling the housing market, the stuttering economy is now a bigger concern, says Labour’s Finance spokesperson Grant Robertson. “Bill English and ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Leading medical experts back Healthy Homes Bill
    Leading medical experts have today thrown their weight behind my Healthy Homes Guarantee Bill, saying it will improve the health of Kiwi kids, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. “The Bill sets minimum standards for heating, insulation and ventilation ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Minister, it’s time to listen to the Auditor General
    Minister of Health Jonathan Coleman needs to listen to the independent advice of the Auditor General and review the capital charge system imposed on District Health Boards, says Labour’ Health Spokesperson Annette King.  “The capital charge on DHBs has been ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Peas explain, Minister
    The Minister of Primary Industries needs to explain how the failure of its biosecurity systems led to the Pea Weevil incursion in the Wairarapa, Labour’s Primary Industries spokesperson Damien O’Connor says “The decision to ban the growing of peas in ...
    2 weeks ago
  • PM’s police numbers wrong
    The Prime Minister has said that police numbers will increase in-line with population growth, however, the Police’s own four year strategy clearly states there are no plans to increase police numbers for the next four years, Labour’s Police spokesperson Stuart ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Ministerial double speak on GP Fees
      The Associate Health Minister Sam Lotu-Iiga was simply making it up when he claimed today that General Practitioners had been given money in the Budget to lower fees, says Labour’s Health spokesperson Annette King.  “In a reply to a ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Government must close loophole in LVR rules
    The Government must urgently close a loophole in loan to value ratio mortgage restrictions which are stopping homeowners from buying new houses before they sell their old one, Labour’s Housing spokesperson Phil Twyford says. “The Reserve Bank was forced to ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Bulk funding means bigger classes
    National’s plan to bulk fund schools can only result in bigger class sizes and a reduced range of subject choices, Labour’s Education spokesperson Chris Hipkins says. ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Time for John Key to sack his Housing Minister
    It is time for the Prime Minister to take serious and meaningful steps to address the housing crisis – and start by sacking Nick Smith as Housing Minister, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. “Clearly whatever it is National ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Coleman puts skids under cheaper GP visits
      Hundreds of thousands of New Zealanders with high health needs are missing out on cheaper GP fees as the cost of going to the doctor hits $70, Labour’s Health spokesperson Annette King says.  “The number of practices subsidised to ...
    2 weeks ago
  • Police indifference over dine-and-dash appalling
      The fact that the police couldn’t be bothered investigating a dine–and-dash in Auckland is appalling and shows an indifference that is unacceptable, says Labour’s Police spokesperson Stuart Nash.  “The way it stands these men have got away scot free ...
    3 weeks ago
  • Covenant promises new deal for our children
    A covenant drawn up by Judge Carolyn Henwood  promises an important new deal for New Zealand’s children, says Labour’s spokesperson for Children Jacinda Ardern.  “It’s important that this covenant is a pledge to all children in this country. ...
    3 weeks ago
  • Flagship fund more housing policy on the fly
    The Government’s flagship $1 billion Housing Infrastructure Fund was so rushed it wasn’t considered until after the Budget and announced just a month later, Leader of the Opposition Andrew Little says. “Documents obtained by Labour through Written Parliamentary Questions show ...
    3 weeks ago

Public service advertisements by The Standard

Current CO2 level in the atmosphere