web analytics

NRT: National wants to jail people who expose politicians

Written By: - Date published: 8:32 am, May 2nd, 2015 - 27 comments
Categories: blogs, journalism, law - Tags: , ,

Missed this in the commotion this week – interesting post from I/S at No Right Turn.

National wants to jail people who expose politicians

Today, thanks to a post on The Daily Blog, we learned that Prime Minister John Key is a creep.

The post performed a valuable public service, exposing unacceptable behaviour from a person in a position of power. But the government is currently in the process of passing a law which would make similar posts in future illegal.

The law is the Harmful Digital Communications Bill. Section 19 of the bill creates a crime of “causing harm by posting digital communication”:

A person commits an offence if—

(a) the person posts a digital communication with the intention that it cause harm to a victim; and

(b) posting the communication would cause harm to an ordinary reasonable person in the position of the victim; and

(c) posting the communication causes harm to the victim.

For the purposes of the law, “harm” is defined as “serious emotional distress”. TechLiberty’s pointed out last year that this clause applied perfectly to the exposure of corrupt politicians, something which an ordinary reasonable person would think would cause them serious emotional distress. And it applies equally to exposing creepy ones as well. And no, there’s no public interest defence. The kicker? The National-dominated select committee has increased the penalty for this offence from three months to two years imprisonment.

The message is clear: if in future you expose the Prime Minister as a creep using the internet, you’ll be facing jail. So much for our democracy.

27 comments on “NRT: National wants to jail people who expose politicians ”

  1. vto 1

    (b)pulling the ponytail would cause harm to an ordinary reasonable person in the position of the victim; and

    (c) pulling the ponytail causes harm to the victim.

    I have corrected it for the select committee

  2. vto 2

    Why is the current law about mean and harmful communications not sufficient?

    Why is the internet different from newspapers?

    Why is the internet different from the bullshitters in parliaments (Winston peters crap over the years should be prosecuted)

    Why is the internet different from other forms of communication? It is not.

    More zero credibility from the zero government

    • Draco T Bastard 2.1

      The authoritarians in National and Act are concerned that they can’t control what people say on the net. Concerned that the truth will actually get out and that they won’t be able to defend against it.

    • Sable 2.2

      Because these bottom dwellers are in bed with the shifty MSM. They can’t control what ordinary people say on line however.

      • Sable 2.2.1

        This is the same stunt Abraham Lincoln pulled during the US civil war, only he was less subtle. Little known fact.

    • Tracey 2.3

      Because of the speed of proliferation… compared to say, a letter? I am just guessing.

      I also think this was to do with bullying, so includes texts.

  3. Ron 3

    Wow. If that becomes law I can see whale blubber spending a long time in custody.

  4. Bill 4

    John Key was not and is not the victim in any of this. The waitress was the victim. Was she making a communication intent on causing herself harm?

    Public embarrassment due to a public’s reaction might cause some emotional distress, but that’s a whole big step away from any digital communication.

    • Tracey 5.1

      Interesting. More interesting to me anyway, was the reference to Aristophanes using an extended finger in his play The Clouds….

      I LOVE the phrase The Thinkery.

  5. Sable 6

    Yet more creeping Fascism from the National Anti Socialist party of New Zealand.

  6. red-blooded 7

    While I can see the benefit of a public interest provision, I’m afraid I also see the benefit of this bill as it applies to the general public. I work with teenagers who can be emotionally devastated by bullying, gossip and name-calling on the internet. It is a really significant issue and is the most common kind of bullying. This can lead to more than hurt feelings; the impact on self-image, emotional stability, relationships with others, engagement with learning and even physical health can be enormous. I have known kids who began self-harming as a response to this kind of campaign of nastiness. And why have a bill specifically for digital communications? Because anyone can get on-line and say anything, it’s very public, it can be repeated endlessly rather than dying away, and it’s all too often anonymous. That’s very different from other kinds of publications (which are already governed by libel and other laws, and by professional standards).

    So, sorry to disagree, but I think there should be at least a decent attempt to reign in the power of digital bullies. The bill may well not succeed, but that doesn’t make it a bad thing to try.

    • vto 7.1

      The internet is already governed by same libel and other laws, the problem is one of prosecution and enforcement.

      Bullying can easily be libel but who on earth is going to take court action over it? Nobody, given the total impracticalities of it….
      … so then who would prosecute and enforce under this new legislation??? Exact same ‘total impracticality’ applies doesn’t it? (except for the powerful and rich, surprisingly…)

      So while good intentions may reside in the legislations authors the issue is already governed by laws and the problem is one not addressed by this legislation, namely prosecution and enforcement.

      • red-blooded 7.1.1

        Other forms of publications are also governed by professional standards and bodies like the Press Council. I know the penalties imposed by these bodies are often pretty pathetic, but there is a public renouncement of whatever comments caused offence and were shown to be in breach of agreed standards. At the moment, there’s no equivalent for digital communications and it’s a much tougher issue as so much of what’s published is posted by ordinary people like you and me (as opposed to professionals, governed by agreed standards) and (again like you and me) is anonymous or under a pseudonym.

        I’m not necessarily defending the detail of the new bill, I’m just saying that I do understand why it’s seen as necessary. Plus, unless I’m really missing something, I don’t see how the original post about the PM’s actions would fall under this bill. It could easily be argued that the intention of the publication was to share a personal story, rather than to cause harm to the PM. And the reporting of any attempt to shut down the story by the PM or his office prosecuting a young woman for sharing this story would be even more harmful than the reaction to the original post. Even if there was some kind of court order about reporting the issue directly, the overseas media would have a field day with it, and then our media would report on that.

        • Draco T Bastard

          At the moment, there’s no equivalent for digital communications…

          That’s probably because we don’t actually need anything different for digital communications. Why would we when they’re almost the same rules except for the addition of the word ‘digital’?

          Because anyone can get on-line and say anything, it’s very public, it can be repeated endlessly rather than dying away, and it’s all too often anonymous.

          That’s just it. It’s not anonymous for most people. The ISP has name and billing address which is available to the police via a warrant. The majority of people can be easily tracked on the net.

          The problem isn’t that the rules don’t exist, they do, but that the majority of people can’t afford to hire a lawyer and take action against the bullies which really means that we need another solution. A solution that this government has been reducing even further via it’s changes to “Family Court procedure and the cuts that have occurred to the legal aid budget which might mean more litigants in person are entering a system that was primarily designed for represented litigants.” As VTO points out, the rich won’t have any problems taking people to court about an issue even if they’re in the wrong. Would we know about FJK’s actions around hair pulling if the waitress was in serious danger of being sued into eternal poverty?

          Further we need to consider the effect of ever more precise laws producing ever more loopholes that people can wriggle through. Broad laws that cover anything that resembles the action that we want to regulate will be caught whereas narrow laws tend to let stuff through.

    • Rosemary McDonald 7.2

      “…and it’s all too often anonymous. ”

      Which is why the bullies thrive in the internet environment.

      red blooded.. there is no doubt that the internet has magnified manyfold the ability of the bullies to exert their power. The consequences can be tragic. We allow children almost unfettered access to technology that has the same potential for harm as alchohol, drugs, cars, sex. Perhaps their should be an age limit? Perhaps some sort of licensing system whereby the applicant can prove they have an understanding of the rules of decent behaviour?

      What are the young people you are working with saying? How would they fix/prevent the problem?

      But….I don’t believe for a second this legislation is aimed at protecting teenagers from on line bullying.

      Not for a second.

  7. Tracey 8

    Isn’t this the Law so ironically championed bY Collins to combat cyber-bullying?

  8. ropata 9

    Depressing and dangerous: Global press freedom has reached lowest point in 10 years. via @FreedomHouseDC #WPFD2015 pic.twitter.com/Y7kHOsqp2m— Taryn Wilson (@Teedubbleyou) April 30, 2015

  9. Charles 10

    What about politicians who inadvertently expose themselves?

    Message on Facebook….

    “HI, do you remember me, I served you tea last Spring… you tugged my hair.”

    “O Hai! Yes I remember that little bit of ‘horseplay’ “.

    BAM. Into the dungeon for you, fool.*

    *this wouldn’t happen because NZ law only applies to people below the rank of burgermeister.

    NB: A burgermeister is not someone who runs a BK franchise, although it is possible to be both.

  10. One Anonymous Bloke 11

    I wonder whether the National Party has thought this through. How are they going to win elections if they can’t employ hate speech?

    Edit: Slater, Plunkett, Henry will all be looking for work…

  11. Steve Withers 12

    Time to have another look at TOR.

    • Sable 12.1

      TOR was developed originally for the US military. But if you still think it is safe, give it a go…

  12. Maui 13

    Ok, so there are tons of angry facebook posts/messages directed towards politicians. Does this mean it becomes illegal if said politician takes offence?

    • Sable 13.1

      That would seem to be the case. At the very least it is designed to intimidate people who may have legitimate grievances and have no other medium they can use to express them. Especially given how untrustworthy the MSM keep showing themselves to be. Of course this is all hidden beneath a PC veneer about bullying, designed to misstep the public as to the legislation’s real goal.

  13. esoteric pineapples 14

    It means anything put online that causes “emotional suffering” could be up for two years in prison from a Facebook comment on a friends page to a Fairfax print media story that is also put on Stuff.

  14. linda 15

    ive got felling they will target information that could affect the economy (vested interests ) scientist and researchers could be targeted as economic vandals affecting NZ when the facts differ from the governments (keys bullshit)PR, governments get sensitive about the truth as we approach economic collapse facts become dangerous .

    • Sable 15.1

      You have it in one. An unintended consequence of this may be people coming together face to face and forming opposition groups as used to happen. This is how Labour came about before they sold out to the right.

      All in all letting people blow off steam on the net is far less a threat. So this is not really a smart move but then smart and Tory are not close friends…

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

  • Over $300m returned to COVID-hit travellers
    The Government’s Consumer Travel Reimbursement Scheme has helped return over $352 million of refunds and credits to New Zealanders who had overseas travel cancelled due to COVID-19, Consumer Affairs Minister David Clark says. “Working with the travel sector, we are helping New Zealanders retrieve the money owed to them by ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    13 hours ago
  • Hundreds more schools join free lunches programme
    An additional 88,000 students in 322 schools and kura across the country have started the school year with a regular lunch on the menu, thanks to the Government’s Ka Ora, Ka Ako Healthy School Lunches programme. They join 42,000 students already receiving weekday lunches under the scheme, which launched last ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    14 hours ago
  • Govt’s balanced economic approach reflected in Crown accounts
    New Zealand’s economic recovery has again been reflected in the Government’s books, which are in better shape than expected. The Crown accounts for the seven months to the end of January 2021 were better than forecast in the Half Year Economic and Fiscal Update (HYEFU). The operating balance before gains ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    15 hours ago
  • Over half of border workforce receive first vaccinations
    More than half of New Zealand’s estimated 12,000 border workforce have now received their first vaccinations, as a third batch of vaccines arrive in the country, COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkins says. As of midnight Tuesday, a total of 9,431 people had received their first doses. More than 70 percent ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 day ago
  • Boost in funding to deliver jobs while restoring Central Otago’s lakes and waterways
    The Government is significantly increasing its investment in restoring Central Otago’s waterways while at the same time delivering jobs to the region hard-hit by the economic impact of Covid-19, says Land Information Minister, Damien O’Connor.   Mr O’Connor says two new community projects under the Jobs for Nature funding programme will ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Next stage of COVID-19 support for business and workers
    The Government has confirmed details of COVID-19 support for business and workers following the increased alert levels due to a resurgence of the virus over the weekend. Following two new community cases of COVID-19, Auckland moved to Alert Level 3 and the rest of New Zealand moved to Alert Level ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Govt committed to hosting Rugby World Cup
    The Government remains committed to hosting the Women’s Rugby World Cup in New Zealand in 2022 should a decision be made by World Rugby this weekend to postpone this year’s tournament. World Rugby is recommending the event be postponed until next year due to COVID-19, with a final decision to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Support Available for Communities affected by COVID-19
    Community and social service support providers have again swung into action to help people and families affected by the current COVID-19 alert levels. “The Government recognises that in many instances social service, community, iwi and Whānau Ora organisations are best placed to provide vital support to the communities impacted by ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Govt announces review into PHARMAC
    The Government is following through on an election promise to conduct an independent review into PHARMAC, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and Health Minister Andrew Little announced today. The Review will focus on two areas: How well PHARMAC performs against its current objectives and whether and how its performance against these ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Impressive response to DOC scholarship programme
    Some of the country’s most forward-thinking early-career conservationists are among recipients of a new scholarship aimed at supporting a new generation of biodiversity champions, Conservation Minister Kiri Allan says. The Department of Conservation (DOC) has awarded one-year postgraduate research scholarships of $15,000 to ten Masters students in the natural ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Speech to ANZLF Virtual Indigenous Business Trade and Connections Event
    I acknowledge our whānau overseas, joining us from Te Whenua Moemoeā, and I wish to pay respects to their elders past, present, and emerging. Thank you for the opportunity to speak with you all today. I am very pleased to be part of the conversation on Indigenous business, and part ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • Main benefits to increase in line with wages
    Social Development and Employment Minister Carmel Sepuloni announced today that main benefits will increase by 3.1 percent on 1 April, in line with the rise in the average wage. The Government announced changes to the annual adjustment of main benefits in Budget 2019, indexing main benefit increases to the average ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • Deed of Settlement signed with Ngāti Maru (Taranaki)
    A Deed of Settlement has been signed between Ngāti Maru and the Crown settling the iwi’s historical Treaty of Waitangi claims, Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Andrew Little announced today. The Ngāti Maru rohe is centred on the inland Waitara River valley, east to the Whanganui River and its ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • Support in place for people connected to Auckland COVID-19 cases
    With a suite of Government income support packages available, Minister for Social Development and Employment Carmel Sepuloni is encouraging people, and businesses, connected to the recent Auckland COVID-19 cases to check the Work and Income website if they’ve been impacted by the need to self-isolate. “If you are required to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Statement on passing of former PNG PM Sir Michael Somare
    Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has expressed her condolences at the passing of long-serving former Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare. “Our thoughts are with Lady Veronica Somare and family, Prime Minister James Marape and the people of Papua New Guinea during this time of great ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Speech to the National Māori Housing Conference 2021
    E te tī, e te tā  Tēnei te mihi maioha ki a koutou  Ki te whenua e takoto nei  Ki te rangi e tū iho nei  Ki a tātou e tau nei  Tēnā tātou.  It’s great to be with you today, along with some of the ministerial housing team; Hon Peeni Henare, the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Drone project to aid protection of Māui dolphin
    The Government is backing a new project to use drone technology to transform our understanding and protection of the Māui dolphin, Aotearoa’s most endangered dolphin.    “The project is just one part of the Government’s plan to save the Māui dolphin. We are committed to protecting this treasure,” Oceans and Fisheries ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • New water regulator board announced as major Government reform moves forward
    Major water reform has taken a step closer with the appointment of the inaugural board of the Taumata Arowai water services regulator, Hon Nanaia Mahuta says. Former Director General of Health and respected public health specialist Dame Karen Poutasi will chair the inaugural board of Crown agency Taumata Arowai. “Dame ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • North Auckland gets public transport upgrade
    The newly completed Hibiscus Coast Bus Station will help people make better transport choices to help ease congestion and benefit the environment, Transport Minister Michael Wood and Auckland Mayor Phil Goff said today. Michael Wood and Phil Goff officially opened the Hibiscus Coast Bus Station which sits just off the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Supporting work to protect Northland reserve
    New funding announced by Conservation Minister Kiri Allan today will provide work and help protect the unique values of Northland’s Te Ārai Nature Reserve for future generations. Te Ārai is culturally important to Te Aupōuri as the last resting place of the spirits before they depart to Te Rerenga Wairua. ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Critical step to new housing deal for Pacific communities
      Today the Government has taken a key step to support Pacific people to becoming Community Housing providers, says the Minister for Pacific Peoples, Aupito William Sio. “This will be great news for Pacific communities with the decision to provide Pacific Financial Capability Grant funding and a tender process to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Consultation opens on proposed Bay of Islands marine mammal sanctuary
    Conservation Minister Kiri Allan is encouraging New Zealanders to have their say on a proposed marine mammal sanctuary to address the rapid decline of bottlenose dolphins in Te Pēwhairangi, the Bay of Islands. The proposal, developed jointly with Ngā Hapū o te Pēwhairangi, would protect all marine mammals of the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Three District Court Judges appointed
    Attorney-General David Parker today announced the appointment of three new District Court Judges.    Two of the appointees will take up their roles on 1 April, replacing sitting Judges who have reached retirement age.     Kirsten Lummis, lawyer of Auckland has been appointed as a District Court Judge with jury jurisdiction to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Government announces list of life-shortening conditions guaranteeing early KiwiSaver access
    Government announces list of life-shortening conditions guaranteeing early KiwiSaver access The Government changed the KiwiSaver rules in 2019 so people with life-shortening congenital conditions can withdraw their savings early The four conditions guaranteed early access are – down syndrome, cerebral palsy, Huntington’s disease and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder An alternative ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Reserve Bank to take account of housing in decision making
    The Reserve Bank is now required to consider the impact on housing when making monetary and financial policy decisions, Grant Robertson announced today. Changes have been made to the Bank’s Monetary Policy Committee’s remit requiring it to take into account government policy relating to more sustainable house prices, while working ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Investment to reduce cochlear implant waitlist
    The Labour Government will invest $6 million for 70 additional adult cochlear implants this year to significantly reduce the historical waitlist, Health Minister Andrew Little says. “Cochlear implants are life changing for kiwis who suffer from severe hearing loss. As well as improving an individual’s hearing, they open doors to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Māori wards Bill passes third reading
    The Local Electoral (Māori Wards and Māori Constituencies) Amendment Bill passed its third reading today and will become law, Minister of Local Government Hon Nanaia Mahuta says. “This is a significant step forward for Māori representation in local government. We know how important it is to have diversity around ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Government delivers 1,000 more transitional housing places
    The Government has added 1,000 more transitional housing places as promised under the Aotearoa New Zealand Homelessness Action Plan (HAP), launched one year ago. Minister of Housing Megan Woods says the milestone supports the Government’s priority to ensure every New Zealander has warm, dry, secure housing. “Transitional housing provides people ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Second batch of Pfizer/BioNTech doses arrives safely – as the first vaccinations take place in the...
    A second batch of Pfizer/BioNTech vaccines arrived safely yesterday at Auckland International Airport, COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkins says. “This shipment contained about 76,000 doses, and follows our first shipment of 60,000 doses that arrived last week. We expect further shipments of vaccine over the coming weeks,” Chris Hipkins said. ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • $18 million for creative spaces to make arts more accessible
    The Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage Carmel Sepuloni has today announced $18 million to support creative spaces. Creative spaces are places in the community where people with mental health needs, disabled people, and those looking for social connection, are welcomed and supported to practice and participate in the arts ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Moriori Claims Settlement Bill passes first reading
    Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Minister Andrew Little today welcomed Moriori to Parliament to witness the first reading of the Moriori Claims Settlement Bill. “This bill is the culmination of years of dedication and hard work from all the parties involved. “I am delighted to reach this significant milestone today,” Andrew ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Government action reduces child poverty
    22,400 fewer children experiencing material hardship 45,400 fewer children in low income households on after-housing costs measure After-housing costs target achieved a year ahead of schedule Government action has seen child poverty reduce against all nine official measures compared to the baseline year, Prime Minister and Minister for Child Poverty ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Entries open for the 2021 Prime Minister’s Education Excellence Awards
    It’s time to recognise the outstanding work early learning services, kōhanga reo, schools and kura do to support children and young people to succeed, Minister of Education Chris Hipkins says. The 2021 Prime Minister’s Education Excellence Awards are now open through until April 16. “The past year has reminded us ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Jobs for Nature benefits three projects
    Three new Jobs for Nature projects will help nature thrive in the Bay of Plenty and keep local people in work says Conservation Minister Kiri Allan. “Up to 30 people will be employed in the projects, which are aimed at boosting local conservation efforts, enhancing some of the region’s most ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Improvements to the Holidays Act on the way
    The Government has accepted all of the Holidays Act Taskforce’s recommended changes, which will provide certainty to employers and help employees receive their leave entitlements, Workplace Relations and Safety Minister Michael Wood announced today. Michael Wood said the Government established the Holidays Act Taskforce to help address challenges with the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • NZ’s credit rating lifted as economy recovers
    The Government’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and faster than expected economic recovery has been acknowledged in today’s credit rating upgrade. Credit ratings agency Standard & Poor’s (S&P) today raised New Zealand’s local currency credit rating to AAA with a stable outlook. This follows Fitch reaffirming its AA+ rating last ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Speech to National Remembrance Service on the 10th anniversary of the Christchurch earthquake
    Tena koutou e nga Maata Waka Ngai Tuahuriri, Ngai Tahu whanui, Tena koutou. Nau mai whakatau mai ki tenei ra maumahara i te Ru Whenua Apiti hono tatai hono, Te hunga mate ki te hunga mate Apiti hono tatai hono, Te hunga ora ki te hunga ora Tena koutou, Tena ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago
  • Government reaffirms urgent commitment to ban harmful conversion practices
    The Minister of Justice has reaffirmed the Government’s urgent commitment, as stated in its 2020 Election Manifesto, to ban conversion practices in New Zealand by this time next year. “The Government has work underway to develop policy which will bring legislation to Parliament by the middle of this year and ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago
  • New creative service aims to benefit 1,000 peoples’ careers
    Minister for Arts, Culture and Heritage and Social Development Hon Carmel Sepuloni today launched a new Creative Careers Service, which is expected to support up to 1,000 creatives, across three regions over the next two years. The new service builds on the most successful aspects of the former Pathways to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago
  • Honey exporters busy meeting surging demand
    Overseas consumers eager for natural products in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic have helped boost honey export revenue by 20 percent to $425 million in the year to June 30, 2020, Agriculture Minister Damien O’Connor says.   “The results from the latest Ministry for Primary Industries’ 2020 Apiculture Monitoring ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago