web analytics

Right question, wrong answer

Written By: - Date published: 10:39 am, April 28th, 2008 - 15 comments
Categories: economy, Environment - Tags: ,

Interesting to see people gradually waking up to what Fidel Castro, last year, called “The sinister idea of converting food into combustibles”.

Even crazy ol’ Mike Moore writes about it today, although he is dead wrong when he calls biofuels “a populist Green response to global warming”. Environmentalists were always suspicious of biofuels, seeing them as a half-step and worrying about the consequences of using grains as the fuel source. It was George W Bush’s subsidies to biofuel producers, introduced with the twin goals of being seen to do something about climate change and increasing returns for farmers in electorally vital Mid-West states, that started the biofuel explosion.

Not enough food, not enough energy. Along with climate change, these could well become the defining issues of international politics in the next decade.

15 comments on “Right question, wrong answer”

  1. As we appear to be nearing ‘Peak’ water, phosphorus, oil, food and many others while climate change appears to be accelerating. US farmers switch to corn, reducing soybean crops, so the Brasilians give the cattle in the Matto Grosso the shove and plant soy while the displaced cattlemen fell more forest to feed more cattle. Meanwhile the “rainforest” is seeing less rain every year.

    We’re out of wriggle room.

    I wonder if at any point the REAL issue – population – will be addressed.

    Does New Zealand have a population policy? How many people will be “enough” on these islands? What sort of life do we all want to lead here?

    Our population would already be falling were it not for immigration. So we do have some choice in the matter of population here in NZ without resorting to any coercive measures of any sort and still allowing for some measure of immigration.

    The rest of the world needs to also have this debate. As it is, the assumption that humans can become ever more numerous, forever, is like a poorly designed pyramid scheme where people today refuse to think about the consequences of the choices they make and effectively rip off your kids and their kids to maintain present lifestyles. The last, most desperate generation will be left holding the bag when it all collapses.

    Food and energy certainly are big issues….but they are merely symptoms of the “Mother of all Resources Issues”: Human population.

    If the Earth had 1 billion people, we could all drive SUVs and live in huge homes and emit all the carbon we wanted and it wouldn’t matter. There would be vast forests and huge wildernesses for other species.

    The problem is us.

  2. insider 2

    It’s just not true to say environmentalists have been suspicious of biofuels. They have been pushing them for years. That’s why Jeanette Fitzsimons has fronted up at conferences repeatedly on this issue and why various govt departments have been at the forefront of promoting them under the ‘sustaiability’ banner.

  3. Draco TB 3

    Does New Zealand have a population policy?

    No official one that I’ve seen but I would guess that it’s something like ‘more is better’. Especially the National Party which seems to be overly concerned about people leaving. IIRC, in the 1980s they had a plan for 20 million by 2000.

    How many people will be “enough’ on these islands?

    My intuition tells me between 3.5 and 4 million. I’m sure that we could support the number we have now but it will be a huge change in lifestyle to do so once the shit hits the fan.

    What sort of life do we all want to lead here?

    Well, I want to see people live well and to do what they want within reasonable limits (Taking care of the environment etc).

    The problem is us.

    Yep, but too many people seem to hold the ‘humans = good, more humans = better’ view.

    Reminds me of the part in The Time Machine where the more staid professor asks if we will ever go to far and the more adventurous one replies that there’s “no such thing”. At the end of the movie he’s looking at the remains of the moon saying that we did go to far.

    We seem to be in the same predicament – nobody believes that we can go too far and it won’t be until later that people will say that we did. Hopefully we’ll learn from the oncoming cataclysm and not do it again.

  4. Steve Pierson 4

    insider. it is true that environmentalists have been critical of biofuels right from the start – I recall the NYT articles on the issue from when Bush first announced the biofuels plan that is was coming in the face of criticism from environmentalists. The Greens’ position here too has been that biofuels shoudln’t come at the cost of food.

    Now, you have to be sophisicated because it’s not as simple as biofuels=bad. The idea of consuming carbon in the shallow carbon cycle (plants, cars, air, plants) as opposed to the long carbon cycle (plants, million so of years, cars, air, whoops) is good but the problem is the feed stock. If its from trees that would be all well and good but we don’t have the technology for that yet, so we’re using grains and that grain could be food.

  5. insider 5

    Gotta love those population polices that were imposed by China, Cambodia and Germany. Real vote winners those.

    Wealth is a population policy. All the richest countries have low if not negative population growth projected.

  6. Stephen 6

    Some correlation with education too, one would think.

  7. Steve Pierson 7

    I don’t think the fact that there is no platable way to rapidly lower the human population takes away from the fact that it is the size of the human population that underlines all the environmental problems we’re causing.

    Education certainly helps as does health – I read somewhere that the number of children a woman has is closely linked to her expectations of how many will live into adulthood – a high infant and childhood mortality rate encourages women to have more children (above those needed to adjust for higher mortality). Wealth is not the cause of lower fertility in itself – but, obviously, it’s a good way to get good education and healthcare.

  8. insider 8

    Steve

    In a NZ context the push for biofuels has been purely an environmentalist and govt led initiative under the sustainability banner. This has been latched onto by commercial vested interests.

    The concern about food production has been minor and pushed to one side if not pooh poohed, because of the belief that this was not an issue for NZ. Unfortunately the market again has exposed some of the weak analysis about the practicalities of implementing a mandate.

    ANd of course there has been the ignoring of the fact that biomass has better and more efficient uses as a fuel than for transport, eg heat and generation. SO biofuels have been essentially politically driven.

  9. Phil 9

    Interesting piece from the NYT on food production and free trade…
    http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/27/business/worldbusiness/27view.html?ref=worldbusiness

    “The reality is that many of today’s commodity shortages, including that for oil, occur because ever more production and trade take place in relatively inefficient and inflexible countries. We’re accustomed to the response times of Silicon Valley, but when it comes to commodities production, many of the relevant institutions abroad have only one foot in the modern age. In other words, the world’s commodities table is very far from flat.

  10. Colvin 10

    I don’t agree that the answer is reducing the world population (or ours or whatever). This argument usually leads to people bashing poor people in poor countries for having too many children.

    People can live sustainably on earth by reducing the amount of damage we cause to the environment. There’s easily enough land in the world to feed everyone. Many other policies can be looked at to fix the food industry.

  11. RedLogix 11

    Insider,

    You are flat out wrong about Greens being unquestioning supporters of biofuels. In fact I attended a two hour session given by Jeannette Fitzsimmons just last week in which among other things she outlined a long history of very conditional support. Basically there are only a few sources of sustainable biofuel in the world, mostly derived from waste sources like tallows, or crops like calix grown on non-agricultural land. Leave the Greens out of this one.

    Internationally there have been many strong voices arguing against the use of food crops for fuels. In particular the corn to ethanol process was always energy and carbon negative (ie a very dumb idea) and the whole industry only ever existed because of the massive subsidies pumped into the MidWest electorate by the Bush Administration.

    Another disaster to add to the neoliberal CV.

  12. jh 12

    “No country has ever raised itself out of poverty without stabilising population growth,” said the group’s vice-chairman, Richard Ottaway MP, at a seminar on population issues this week.

    Ethiopia had five million people in 1900; now it has 64 million, of whom eight million are receiving food aid,” said Mr Ottaway. The projected figure for 2050, he said, was 145 million.
    [from the BBC]

    “”In mid-March the House of Lords published a report that found immigration to UK had no impact on GDP per capita.

    The economic beneficiaries of immigration are the immigrants, those who own property and high wage earners. The government also gets a nett GDP growth it can boast about and more taxes to spend. Since “a party of those who own property’ and “a party of those who want more taxes’ are the two main streams of Western politics, all mainstream politicians favor immigration. Any criticism of immigration is deflected with attacks on the character of the critic.

    The losers of the immigration equation are low wage natives who do not own property. They get the a*se end of increasing income disparity and see property prices & rents climb out of their reach. And for the purposes of this discussion we will call them close-minded racists who are insufficiently culturally sensitive, but in a nice way like Obama does.’

    http://tinyurl.com/64wm7p
    [Quoting a commentor on Keith Ng’s blog]

    Meanwhile on Kiwiblog food price rises are being blamed on socialists and climate change alarmists. This would never have happened if it was all left to the markets to sort out:
    http://www.kiwiblog.co.nz/2008/04/food_prices_skyrocketing.html

    Gristmill has a good take on food prices:
    http://gristmill.grist.org/story/2008/4/25/74229/2816

  13. insider 13

    Redlogix

    I didn’t say their support was unconditional, I just said they had been pushing biofuels for years and other concerns had been pushed aside or downplayed for political reasons.

    The Greens and Fitzsimons have been at the forefront of pushing biofuels. EECA is Jeanette’s plaything and led much of the policy process yet the sustainability issue is a mere add on to the policy rather than core, despite the varied warnings over the issue weirdly enough from the oil industry. It’s also odd how the mandate target was based on the expectation of corn ethanol crops being grown in NZ. So don;t tell me the greens are pure on this issue.

  14. Insider: The Greens have made it clear that biofuels must not compromise food supply. They were aware of the risk and any advocacy of biofuels was conditional on that risk being recognised and addressed. Tell the WHOLE story…not the Mike Moore version.

  15. insider 15

    Steve

    That has come fairly late in the piece – go see if you can find any significant mention of it in the discussion documents or the cabinet paper leading up to the 2007 announcement that a mandate would be pursued.

    And if they have made it so clear why is there no mandatory standard saying such in the bill, and why is the Minister saying we might have to accept non sustainable biofuels in the short term?

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

  • Govt to protect jobs and businesses with extra support
    In-principle decision to extend wage subsidy to support businesses and protect jobs Support will be nationwide in recognition of Auckland’s position in NZ economy and the impact of Level 2 Mortgage deferral scheme to be extended to support households The Government is taking action to support businesses and protect jobs ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 day ago
  • National Does the Nation a Disservice
    Deputy Prime Minister Winston Peters today called for National Party and Opposition leader Judith Collins to stop undermining democracy. “New Zealanders are sadly being fed a steady stream of misinformation about the pre-election period from the National Party,” said Mr Peters. “Its effect is to sow doubt about the legitimacy ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Speech at the graduation of Wing 340
    Graduation of Wing 340 2pm, 13 August 2020, The Royal New Zealand Police College [CHECK AGAINST DELIVERY] Introduction Ladies and gentlemen, it is a privilege to be here today to celebrate the graduation of Wing 340. Let us begin by acknowledging the presence of Coalition Government colleague, Police Minister the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • More Police deployed for COVID efforts
    More Police are being deployed to the frontline to help manage the COVID response, after the graduation today of 56 new officers. “The ceremonies for the graduation of Wing 340 at the Royal New Zealand Police College were trimmed to take account of new Alert Level 2 restrictions in Wellington,” ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Transitional housing provides much needed support for Taumarunui whānau
                                                                     Transitional housing provides much needed support for Taumarunui whānau   New emergency and transitional homes will help ease a housing shortage in Taumarunui and provide whānau with much needed support, say Māori Development Minister, Nanaia Mahuta and Whānau Ora Minister, Peeni Henare.  The Ministers officially opened five two-bedroom units ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Government announces plan to tackle problem plastics and seven single-use plastic items
    Following the success of the phase out of single-use plastic shopping bags, the Government now has plans to phase out more single-use and problem plastics to reduce waste and protect the environment announced Associate Minister for the Environment Eugenie Sage. The proposals are to phase-out: some hard-to-recycle PVC and polystyrene ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • New opportunities for Kōpū marine facilities
    A commercial and industrial site in Thames-Coromandel will receive $8.2 million to revamp its marine-servicing infrastructure and create new economic development opportunities, Infrastructure Minister Shane Jones has announced. This project is being supported from the $3 billion ‘shovel ready’ fund set aside in Budget 2020 to kick-start the post COVID-19 ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • PM comments on Auckland COVID-19 case
    After 102 days we have our first cases of Covid-19 outside of a Managed Isolation or Quarantine facility in New Zealand. Shortly I will ask Dr Bloomfield to set out the details of the case. While we have all worked incredibly hard to prevent this scenario, we have also planned ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • Significant investment in Raukūmara Pae Maunga to prevent Raukūmara forest collapse
    An iwi-Crown approach programme to restore the Raukūmara forest on the East Coast of the North Island and boost employment opportunities for whānau, particularly rangatahi/young people, will receive $34 million funding, Minister of Conservation Eugenie Sage has announced. “Raukūmara Pae Maunga is a partnership with Te Whānau-ā-Apanui, Ngāti Porou, and ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • New partnership central to delivering more Māori housing
    Government agencies and partners are working closer together to provide more Māori Housing through the Te MAIHI o te Whare Māori – the Māori and Iwi Housing Innovation Framework for Action (MAIHI). MAIHI is a kaupapa Māori approach that drives a system change to give effect and impact on Māori ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    4 days ago
  • Manawatū Gorge replacement highway drives forward
    Site work is soon to begin on Te Ahu a Turanga: Manawatū Tararua Highway, the project to replace the former SH3 route through the Manawatū Gorge, Transport Minister Phil Twyford said today. Phil Twyford was today in Woodville at the signing of a formal agreement by members of the Alliance ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • Pacific Ministers meet to discuss regional economic priorities
    The Pacific Islands Forum Economic Ministers Meeting (FEMM) begins today and will focus on the major economic and social impacts of COVID-19 on the Pacific.  FEMM is an important congregation of Economic Ministers and senior officials from around the region, and for the first time, the annual meeting will be ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • Formal apology and payment to George Nepata
    Cabinet has approved a formal apology and ex gratia payment to former soldier George Nepata, announced Defence Minister Ron Mark. This payment is to recognise the New Zealand Defence Force’s failure to provide Mr Nepata with a safe system of work in April 1989 when, as a result of an ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • Report into Iain Lees-Galloway’s expenditure
    A report undertaken by Ministerial Services into Iain Lees-Galloway’s ministerial expenditure has found no evidence of any inappropriate transactions or spending. Ministerial Services undertook a line by line review of all his expenditure, including staff and spouse expenses for the period 1 January 2019 to 30 June 2020.  “I commissioned ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • Managed isolation charges to start 11 August
    Managed isolation charges for returnees will come into force from 12.01am Tuesday 11th August, after they passed their last cabinet milestone today, Housing Minister Megan Woods said. “The new charging system balances the rights of New Zealanders to return home and helps reduce pressure on the managed isolation and quarantine ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • Update on New Zealand and the Cook Islands travel bubble
    The Prime Minister of New Zealand Jacinda Ardern and the Prime Minister of the Cook Islands Henry Puna have welcomed the completion of phase one in the establishment of a travel bubble between New Zealand and the Cook Island. Negotiations on the text of an ‘Arrangement to Facilitate Quarantine-Free Travel ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • One-stop ‘jobs and training’ shop goes live
    The Government has launched a new online, phone and onsite service to help New Zealanders connect to a range of employment support and products for workers and businesses affected by COVID-19, announced Minister of Education Chris Hipkins and Minister for Social Development Carmel Sepuloni. Connected.govt.nz is a one-stop-shop for jobseekers, ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    5 days ago
  • MSD security guards to be paid Living Wage
    Security guards contracted to the Ministry of Social Development will be paid at least the Living Wage from next month supporting the Government’s commitment towards fair pay and employment conditions, announced Minister for  Social Development Carmel Sepuloni.   “MSD was  among the first government agencies to pay its employees the living ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • New strategy to ensure nature thrives
    The Minister of Conservation Eugenie Sage today launched Te Mana o te Taiao, the Aotearoa New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy - a way forward that envisions Aotearoa New Zealand as a place where ecosystems are healthy and resilient, and people embrace the natural world. “Many of New Zealand’s plants and wildlife species ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Provider Languages Fund will support Pacific Wellbeing approach
    “Pacific languages, cultures and identity are essential to the health, wellbeing and lifetime success of our Pacific peoples and their communities in Aotearoa. The strength and resilience of Pacific Aotearoa is not only vital to their own prosperity but integral to the prosperity of all New Zealanders, and is particularly ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • COVID-19: More funding for schools and boost to construction sector
    ·       $38 million to help schools cover unexpected costs related to COVID-19 ·       $69 million upgrade for online learning ·       $107 million contingency funding to support school construction suppliers facing additional costs due to the lockdown. The Government is releasing $214 million from the COVID-19 response and recovery fund to ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Stay safe on the tracks – Rail Safety Week
    Despite the Government installing safety upgrades around the country, people should still take care around rail crossings, said Transport Minister Phil Twyford launching Rail Safety Week. Phil Twyford said installing safety infrastructure is crucial, but we are encouraging people to be more careful around trains too. “We’re making good progress ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Government backs Manawatū social housing project
    The Government is providing a cash injection to help Palmerston North City Council complete a programme to provide 78 social housing units for vulnerable tenants. The $4.7 million to build 28 units in the Papaioea Place redevelopment comes from the $3 billion set aside for infrastructure in the Government’s COVID-19 ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Major funding boost for Predator Free Banks Peninsula
    A pest free Banks Peninsula/Te Pātaka o Rākaihautū is one step closer with a $5.11 million boost to accelerate this project and create jobs, announced Conservation Minister Eugenie Sage in Canterbury today. “This is a game changer for this ambitious project to restore the native wildlife and plants on Ōtautahi/Christchurch’s doorstep ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Major investment for indoor sports in Hawke’s Bay
    A Government grant of $6.4 million will expand the Pettigrew Arena in Taradale with new indoor courts of national standard. “The project is likely to take 18 months with approximately 300 people employed through the process,” Grant Robertson said. “The expansion will increase the indoor court space up to 11 ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • New infrastructure for Far North tourist town
    The Far North tourist destination of Mangonui is to receive Government funding to improve waterfront infrastructure, open up access to the harbour and improve water quality, Infrastructure Minister Shane Jones has announced. A total of $6.5 million from the $3 billion set aside in the COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Government remains committed to Women’s Cricket World Cup
    The Government has re-affirmed its commitment to supporting the hosting of the ICC Women’s Cricket World Cup, which the ICC has delayed from 2021 to 2022. “This is obviously a disappointing decision for cricket players and fans around the world and for the White Ferns and their supporters here at ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Green light for Te Awa River Ride in $220m nationwide cycleways investment
    Cyclists and walkers will now have a safer way to get around Taupō, Tūrangi, and between Hamilton and Cambridge, with funding for shared paths and Te Awa River Ride, Associate Minister of Transport Julie Anne Genter announced today. “The Te Awa River Ride is the latest part of massive growth ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Six major ‘shovel-ready’ cycleways funded in Christchurch
    Six major cycle routes will be completed in Christchurch thanks to funding from the Government’s investment in shovel-ready infrastructure as part of the COVID-19 recovery Associate Minister of Transport Julie Anne Genter announced today. $125 million will be invested to kick-start construction and fund the completion of the following cycleway ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • New Police facilities for Whanganui
    Plans are underway for a brand new state-of-the-art hub for Whanganui’s justice and social agencies, following confirmation the ageing Whanganui Central Police Station is to be replaced. Police Minister Stuart Nash has announced $25 million in new infrastructure spending to improve facilities for the wider community, and for staff who ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Relativity adjustment for Waikato-Tainui and Ngāi Tahu
    An adjustment payment has been made to Waikato-Tainui and Ngāi Tahu under the relativity mechanisms in their 1995 and 1997 Treaty of Waitangi settlements, Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations Andrew Little announced today. The latest payments to Waikato-Tainui and Ngāi Tahu are $2,700,000 and $2,600,000 respectively to ensure the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Auckland rail upgrades pick up steam
    Deputy Prime Minister Winston Peters and Transport Minister Phil Twyford today kicked off the start of the Auckland NZ Upgrade Programme rail projects which will support over 400 jobs and help unlock our biggest city. Both ministers marked the start of enabling works on the third main rail line project ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • PGF support for Wairoa creates jobs
    The Provincial Growth Fund (PGF) investment of $3.78 million in Wairoa will create much needed economic stimulus and jobs, Under-Secretary for Regional Economic Development Fletcher Tabuteau announced today. PGF projects announced today include: $200,000 loan to Nuhaka Kiwifruit Holdings Ltd (operated by Pine Valley Orchard Ltd) to increase the productivity ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Public and Māori housing to trial renewable energy technology
    Tenants in public and Māori housing may be benefiting from their own affordable renewable energy in future – a fund to trial renewable energy technology for public and Māori housing has today been announced by Energy and Resources Minister Megan Woods and Associate Minister for Housing (Māori Housing) Nanaia Mahuta. ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • $2.7m for Hokianga infrastructure
    Hokianga will receive $2.7 million to redevelop four of its wharves and upgrade its water supply, Regional Economic Development Minister Shane Jones has announced. Far North District Council will receive $1.8 million from the Provincial Growth Fund for the work on the wharves. “The work will include the construction of ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • New fund to support housing and construction sector
    A $350 million Residential Development Response Fund is being established to support the residential construction sector and to minimise the economic impact from COVID-19, the Housing Minister Dr Megan Woods has announced. “The Residential Development Response Fund will help to progress stalled or at-risk developments that support our broader housing ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Government investment to boost Auckland’s community recycling network
    As part of a broader plan to divert waste from landfill, the Government today announced $10.67 million for new infrastructure as part of the Resource Recovery Network across the Auckland region. “This key investment in Auckland’s community recycling network is part of the Government’s Infrastructure Reference Group ‘shovel ready’ projects ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Te Papa transformation starts at Cameron Road
    The Government is investing $45 million in the first stage of an ambitious urban development project for Tauranga that will employ up to 250 people and help the region grow, Urban Development Minister Phil Twyford announced today. Phil Twyford says the funding has been allocated out of the $3 billion ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • PGF supports Hawke’s Bay community and environmental projects
    The Government is investing more than $1.6 million from the Provincial Growth Fund (PGF) for a wide range of community and environmental projects in Hawke’s Bay, Under-Secretary for Regional Economic Development Fletcher Tabuteau announced today. These announcements today are part of the Government’s commitment to supporting regional economies in the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Low-emissions options for heavy transport a step closer
    Getting low-emission trucks on the road is a step closer with investment in infrastructure to support hydrogen vehicles, the Energy and Resources Minister Megan Woods has announced. The Infrastructure Reference Group has provisionally approved $20 million for New Plymouth company Hiringa Energy to establish a nationwide network of hydrogen-fuelling stations. ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago