web analytics

Climate choices

Written By: - Date published: 7:15 am, September 24th, 2019 - 16 comments
Categories: climate change - Tags: , , ,

I have this weird vacillation with climate change at the moment. Despite having written a fair bit about the need for human civilisations to power down, and that green BAU will not save us from runaway climate catastrophe, I find myself often looking at the fast tech change happening and wondering if I am wrong, that we will build electric planes in time, and find a way to transition the industry that underpins our lives to post-carbon.

Then I get brought back to the sharp but still hard to believe reality. Our hope is in a fast transition off fossil fuels, and we cannot do that and retain a growth economy with all the mod cons.

The United In Science report was released yesterday,

The world’s leading climate science organizations have joined forces to produce a landmark new report for the United Nations Climate Action Summit, underlining the glaring – and growing – gap between agreed targets to tackle global warming and the actual reality.

If you’re interested in the science and the maths of how bad things are, there’s plenty of reading there in the tweet thread and in the report itself.  I don’t have the headspace to delve into the detail so I’m going to raise some questions instead. We need good science to base actions upon, but our problem here isn’t that we don’t know what is needed, or what to do, it’s that we’re not yet taking that seriously.

Global Carbon Budget

Carbon dioxide emissions grew 2% and reached a record high of 37 billion tonnes of CO2 in 2018. There is still no sign of a peak in global emissions, even though they are growing slower than the global economy.

Current economic and energy trends suggest that emissions will be at least as high in 2019 as in 2018. Global GDP is expected to grow at 3.2% in 2019, and if the global economy decarbonized at the same rate as in the last 10 years, that would still lead to an increase in global emissions.

Despite extraordinary growth in renewable fuels over the past decade, the global energy system is still dominated by fossil fuel sources. The annual increase in global energy use is greater than the increase in renewable energy, meaning the fossil fuel use continues to grow. This growth needs to halt immediately.

The net-zero emissions needed to stabilize the climate requires both an acceleration in use of non-carbon energy sources and a rapid decline in the global share of fossil fuels in the energy mix. This dual requirement illustrates the scale of the challenge.

Natural CO2 sinks, such as vegetation and oceans, which remove about half of all emissions from human activities, will become less efficient at doing so. This underscores the need to reduce deforestation and expand natural CO2 sinks, particularly those in forests and soils that can be improved by better management and habitat restoration.

Here’s how I understand that,

  1. we need to be reducing GHG emissions globally, and instead we’re increasing them
  2. Part of that is because global energy use is increasing.
  3. Natural carbon sinks are now being taken seriously, and humans can increase the capacity of them via our actions

The first needs no discussion. Unless one is still a climate denier, it’s a given that we need to reduce GHGs and we’re not. That global energy use is increasing tells us a lot about the problem here: perpetual growth.

I want to know how much of that increased use is because of transitioning to renewables, and whether what we need to do (reduce fossil fuel use) is incompatible with that transition.

I also want to know how much of the increased energy us is due to increasing population, and subsequent increasing lifestyles of the global population. Before any lefties jump up and say we can’t talk about population because it’s unjust, let me be clear: the solution here is for industrialised nations to take a drop in their standard of living.

The third point is crucial. Whatever natural carbon sinks are capable of doing, and how much we can work with that by changing land use (regenerative agriculture and recreating/protecting natural forest systems), we cannot afford to squander that advantage by treating it as carbon offsets to keep burning fossil fuels. This sequestration advantage may be the difference between climate crisis (a drop in standard of living) and climate catastrophe (collapse of human societies and mass death).

In case it’s not obvious, I believe it is still possible for us to prevent the worst of the catastrophe. The good news is that the science supports this,

Technically, it is still possible to bridge the gap in 2030 to ensure global warming stays below 2 °C and 1.5 °C.

A substantial part of the technical potential can be realized through scaling up and replicating existing, well-proven policies that simultaneously contribute to key sustainable development goals. Remarkably, the potential available in just six relatively well-developed areas as shown (below left) present a combined potential of up to 21 GtCO2e per year by 2030.

This is Climate Strike week, coinciding with the UN Climate Action Summit. I’m more interested in the potential of social tipping points than I am in relying on what the politicians and bods are doing. What we need is a willingness from many ordinary people to change, then the politicians will follow. If we’re feeling overwhelmed or powerless in the face of the need for that change, then one thing we can do this week is take part in the New Zealand marches that are closing the end of Strike week this Friday.

Planned NZ Climate Strike events across the country are listed here.

 

 

16 comments on “Climate choices ”

  1. Pat 1

    Im interested to see if our PM uses her platform at the UN to commit to something more concrete re CC, as demanded by the General Secretary….I suspect there will not be.

    • weka 1.1

      When asked about Thunberg's speech she said the message was for other countries not doing the right things, implication that NZ is doing the right things. Maybe that was a dig at Trump (given she had just come out of a meeting with him), but it's not like NZ is doing enough either.

      Another good thing about getting a L/G govt next year is to bring into focus Labour's actual position on climate action, rather than viewing it all through the Peters influence lens.

      • Pat 1.1.1

        Didnt realise she had already spoken but just listened to RNZ clip with her and Greta Thunberg….quite some contrast.

        https://www.rnz.co.nz/national/programmes/morningreport/audio/2018714574/un-promises-action-not-speeches-on-climate-change

      • Wayne 1.1.2

        weka,

        You might want a L/G government. I suspect the reasons you do will be used by NZF as the very reasons why people should vote NZF. That is NZF will be able to stop a L/G government from doing the things you want.

        In essence it was the NZF campaign last election, and it will be their campaign again. I suspect it will be successful in getting NZF across the line again.

        So unless L/G gets 50% of the vote, I reckon the next government has a good chance of looking pretty much like the current one.

        • weka 1.1.2.1

          Or Labour pick up enough of the NZF vote and the Greens pick up some of the Labour vote and we get a L/G govt. /shrug.

          Your point about why people vote NZF is a bit obvious Wayne. I'd more ok with the current govt if NZF weren't dragging the chain on climate change. If NZF voters don't believe that we are in a crisis by the time we get to the next election, then this will harm NZ medium and long term. This should be outweighing party politics now.

          • gsays 1.1.2.1.1

            I agree with your comment

            "If NZF voters don't believe that we are in a crisis by the time we get to the next election, then this will harm NZ medium and long term. This should be outweighing party politics now."

            I used a my mother's car after my brother had used it and changed the radio station. I had the misfortune to hear Sean Plunkett in full flight, ranting against Greta Thunberg.

            The venom and passion were shocking. Clearly this opinion has it's constituents.

            What is going to make NZ1st voters think we are in a crisis?

            I doubt it will be more reports, children addressing the UN or school kids on strike.

            I think it will be when consequences hit them personally e.g. petrol hits $3 a litre, the coastal bach is claimed by the sea or there is another lane on their commute given to buses and bikes.

            At the moment Labour seems to be closer aligned to NZ1st than the greens. Fiscally conservative with some socially impractical gestures – winter fuel allowance.

            • weka 1.1.2.1.1.1

              aye, both NZF and Labour are a worry. As people are pointing out, there's too many climate conservatives in Labour too 🙁

            • george.com 1.1.2.1.1.2

              Plunkets knee jerk curmudgeonly rants. Listen to his show long enough and you get a reasonable handle on CC ignorance. For example, apparently it's all the fault of volcanos, stop all the eruptions and we are sweet. He treats anti vaccers* with contempt, berating them for a lack of evidence based debate and using obscure or fringe/discredited 'evidence' to bolster their arguments. Yet in the next breath he does exactly what he condemns when discussing climate change. Ignore the evidence, ignore the expert opinions and draw on 'alternative' experts' to justify his position.

              * I dont have a problem with his approach to anti vaccination by the way, I just see the incredible irony of his approach to CC

  2. Robert Guyton 2

    Southland local body candidates tackle climate change topic

    "

    "The time for patiently explaining climate change is over.

    Environment Southland councillor Robert Guyton says Southlanders who want action on climate change will unite in Invercargill on Friday, coinciding with marches throughout New Zealand."

    https://www.stuff.co.nz/southland-times/116010796/southland-local-body-candidates-tackle-climate-change-topic

    • Formerly Ross 2.1

      Nothing like a bit of shameless self promotion. Good for you, Robert, and I mean that most sincerely.

  3. Cricklewood 3

    It's so difficult to tackle this on a world scale… population rising by 80 000 000 per year different govts doing different things.

    Really need some world wide type commitments that every country can deliver regardless of politics etc as even with fines etc negotiated targets dont really seem to help.

    Planting billions of Trees seems a good place to start.

    Also along time ago a engineer of some description was advocating the painting of every roof space in a reflective white to help replace the reflective surface of the lost ice. Made sense to me also seems something practical that it shouldn't be hard to get agreement on.

    • greywarshark 3.1

      I have thought of a pale roof rather than a dark one absorbing the sun and making the house hot, but hadn't thought of replacing lost ice effect. Can you explain what you remember about how that would work?

      What effect would having grass, a herb garden, growing on the roof of buildings do viewed as a climate change move? If you know anything about that, or come across it, perhaps you could put that up on Sunday's How to Get There as we have got philosophical there but need practical ideas too.

  4. soddenleaf 4

    Wage war against the private automobile. Free public transit. Car sharing, when you share one car between five you don't build four cars, roads, etc. It's the private car stupid.

  5. barry 5

    I have given up on the idea of people choosing to go without, rather than pollute. In my case, I work on polluting less than 80% of those around me.

    The only way we will stop climate change is if renewables become cheaper than fossil fuels. The plan was that the rich world would advantage renewables so that people would use them and they would get cheaper faster, but the denialists and fossil fuel companies killed that idea.

    So 2 degrees of warming by the end of the century is inevitable, but some time in the next few decades, the oil and gas runs out, and we gradually stop using coal for our health. So probably the worst it gets is 2-3 degrees total warming. That still means sea level rise in the meters eventually.

    Humans are so dumb!

Recent Comments

Recent Posts

  • Government receives Royal Commission of Inquiry report into the Terrorist Attack on Christchurch Mos...
    Minister for Internal Affairs Jan Tinetti has today received the Royal Commission of Inquiry report into the Terrorist Attack on Christchurch Mosques, and will table it in Parliament on Tuesday December 8. “I know this will have been a challenging process for whānau, survivors and witnesses of the terrorist attack ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    10 hours ago
  • New Zealand Government to declare a climate emergency
    The Government will declare a climate emergency next week, Climate Change Minister James Shaw said today.                                       “We are in the midst of a climate crisis that will impact on nearly every ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    11 hours ago
  • Call for urgent action on Pacific conservation
    A declaration on the urgency of the global biodiversity crisis and the need for immediate, transformative action in the Pacific was agreed at a pan-Pacific conference today. The 10th Pacific Islands Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas is taking place this week across the Pacific.  Minister of Conservation Kiritapu ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    13 hours ago
  • Speech from the throne
    E aku hoa i te ara o te whai, Kia kotahi tā tātou takahi i te kō, ko tōku whiwhi kei tō koutou tautoko mai. Ko tāku ki a koutou, hei whakapiki manawa mōku. He horomata rangatira te mahi, e rite ai te whiwhinga a te ringatuku, me te ringakape ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    15 hours ago
  • Keynote address to Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand conference
    Speech to the CAANZ conference - November 19, 2020 Thank you, Greg, (Greg Haddon, MC) for the welcome. I’d like to acknowledge John Cuthbertson from CAANZ, the Commissioner of Inland Revenue Naomi Ferguson, former fellow MP and former Minister of Revenue, Peter Dunne, other guest speakers and CAANZ members. I ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Expert independent advisory group appointed to strengthen the future of Māori broadcasting
    A panel of seven experts are adding their support to help shape the future of Māori broadcasting, Minister for Māori Development Willie Jackson has announced today. “Today I will meet with some of the most experienced Māori broadcasters, commentators and practitioners in the field. They have practical insights on the ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 days ago
  • Government to review housing settings
    New Zealand’s stronger-than-expected economic performance has flowed through to housing demand, so the Government will review housing settings to improve access to the market, the Finance Minister Grant Robertson announced today. “Our focus is on improving access to the housing market for first home buyers and ensuring house price growth ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Crown accounts reflect Govt’s careful economic management
    The better-than-expected Crown accounts released today show the Government’s careful management of the COVID-19 health crisis was the right approach to support the economy. As expected, the Crown accounts for the year to June 2020 show the operating balance before gains and losses, or OBEGAL, was in deficit. However that ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Community launch marks next step in addressing racism in education
    The launch of Te Hurihanganui in Porirua today is another important milestone in the work needed to address racism in the education system and improve outcomes for Māori learners and their whānau, Associate Education Minister Kelvin Davis says. Budget 2019 included $42 million over three years to put Te Hurihanganui ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Government to consider recommendations on DNA use in criminal investigations
    The Minister of Justice has received the Law Commission’s recommending changes to the law governing the way DNA is used in criminal investigations. The report, called The Use of DNA in Criminal Investigations – Te Whahamahi I te Ira Tangata I ngā Mātai Taihara, recommends new legislation to address how ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Speech to Wakatū Nelson regional hui on trade
    First, I want to express my thanks to Te Taumata for this hui and for all the fantastic work you are doing for Māori in the trade space. In the short time that you’ve been operating you’ve already contributed an enormous amount to the conversation, and developed impressive networks.  I ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Speech to Primary Industries Summit
    Thank you for the opportunity to speak to you today about the significant contribution the food and fibres sector makes to New Zealand and how this Government is supporting that effort. I’d like to start by acknowledging our co-Chairs, Terry Copeland and Mavis Mullins, my colleague, Agriculture Minister Damien O’Connor, ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Fast track referrals will speed up recovery and boost jobs and home building
    The Government is taking action to increase jobs, speed up the economic recovery and build houses by putting three more projects through its fast track approval process. “It’s great to see that the fast-track consenting process is working. Today we have referred a mix of potential projects that, if approved, ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    3 days ago
  • Papakāinga provides critically needed homes in Hastings
    A papakāinga opened today by the Minister for Māori Development the Hon Willie Jackson will provide whānau with much needed affordable rental homes in Hastings. The four home papakāinga in Waiōhiki is the first project to be completed under the ‘Hastings Place Based’ initiative. This initiative is a Government, Hastings ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • New Zealand ready to host APEC virtually
    Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern took over the leadership of APEC earlier today, when she joined leaders from the 21 APEC economies virtually for the forum’s final 2020 meeting. “We look forward to hosting a fully virtual APEC 2021 next year. While this isn’t an in-person meeting, it will be one ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Revival of Māori Horticulturists
    The rapid revival of Māori horticulture was unmistakeable at this year’s Ahuwhenua Trophy Awards, with 2020 marking the first time this iconic Māori farming event was dedicated to horticulture enterprises. Congratulating finalists at the Awards, Māori Development Minister Willie Jackson said growing large-scale māra kai is part of Māori DNA. ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    6 days ago
  • Emergency benefit to help temporary visa holders
    From 1 December, people on temporary work, student or visitor visas who can’t return home and or support themselves may get an Emergency Benefit from the Ministry of Social Development, Social Development and Employment Minister Carmel Sepuloni announced today. Previously, temporary visa holders in hardship because of COVID-19 have had ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • School sustainability projects to help boost regional economies
    Forty one schools from the Far North to Southland will receive funding for projects that will reduce schools’ emissions and save them money, Education Minister Chris Hipkins announced today. This is the second round of the Sustainability Contestable Fund, and work will begin immediately. The first round announced in April ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Farmer-led projects to improve water health in Canterbury and Otago
    More than $6 million will be spent on helping farmers improve the health of rivers, wetlands, and habitat biodiversity in Canterbury and Otago, as well as improving long-term land management practices, says Agriculture Minister Damien O’Connor. Four farmer-led catchment group Jobs for Nature projects have between allocated between $176,000 and ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Tupu Aotearoa continues expansion to Pacific communities in Nelson, Marlborough, Tasman & Northl...
    Pacific communities in Nelson, Marlborough, Tasman and Northland will benefit from the expansion of the Tupu Aotearoa programme announced today by the Minister for Pacific Peoples, Aupito William Sio. The programme provides sustainable employment and education pathways and will be delivered in partnership with three providers in Northland and two ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • New primary school and classrooms for 1,200 students in South Island
    Education Minister Chris Hipkins unveiled major school building projects across the South Island during a visit to Waimea College in Nelson today. It’s part of the Government’s latest investment of $164 million to build new classrooms and upgrade schools around the country. “Investments like this gives the construction industry certainty ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Minister of Māori Development pays tribute to Rudy Taylor
      Today the Minister of Māori Development, alongside other Government Ministers and MP’s said their final farewells to Nga Puhi Leader Rudy Taylor.  “Rudy dedicated his life to the betterment of Māori, and his strong approach was always from the ground up, grassroots, sincere and unfaltering”  “Over the past few ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Prime Minister to attend APEC Leaders’ Summit
    Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern will attend the annual APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting and associated events virtually today and tomorrow. “In a world where we cannot travel due to COVID-19, continuing close collaboration with our regional partners is key to accelerating New Zealand’s economic recovery,” Jacinda Ardern said. “There is wide ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    7 days ago
  • Speech to Infrastructure NZ Symposium
    Tena Koutou, Tena Koutou and thank you for inviting me to speak to you today. This is a critical time for New Zealand as we respond to the damage wreaked by the global COVID-19 pandemic. It is vital that investment in our economic recovery is well thought through, and makes ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Pike River 10 Year Anniversary Commemorative Service
    Tēnei te mihi ki a tātau katoa e huihui nei i tēnei rā Ki a koutou ngā whānau o te hunga kua riro i kōnei – he mihi aroha ki a koutou Ki te hapori whānui – tēnā koutou Ki ngā tāngata whenua – tēnā koutou Ki ngā mate, e ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Huge investment in new and upgraded classrooms to boost construction jobs
    Around 7,500 students are set to benefit from the Government’s latest investment of $164 million to build new classrooms and upgrade schools around the country. “The election delivered a clear mandate to accelerate our economic recovery and build back better. That’s why we are prioritising construction projects in schools so more ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Keeping Pike River Mine promises 10 years on
    Ten years after the Pike River Mine tragedy in which 29 men lost their lives while at work, a commemorative service at Parliament has honoured them and their legacy of ensuring all New Zealand workplaces are safe. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern attended the event, along with representatives of the Pike ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Additional testing to strengthen border and increase safety of workers
    New testing measures are being put in place to increase the safety of border workers and further strengthen New Zealand’s barriers against COVID-19, COVID-19 Response Minister Chris Hipkins said today. “These strengthened rules – to apply to all international airports and ports – build on the mandatory testing orders we’ve ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • More public housing delivered in Auckland
    The Government’s investment in public housing is delivering more warm, dry homes with today’s official opening of 82 new apartments in New Lynn by the Housing Minister Megan Woods. The Thom Street development replaces 16 houses built in the 1940s, with brand new fit-for-purpose public housing that is in high ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Agreement advanced to purchase up to 5 million COVID-19 vaccines
    The Government has confirmed an in-principle agreement to purchase up to 5 million COVID-19 vaccines – enough for 5 million people – from Janssen Pharmaceutica, subject to the vaccine successfully completing clinical trials and passing regulatory approvals in New Zealand, says Research, Science and Innovation Minister Megan Woods. “This agreement ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Jobs for Nature funding will leave a conservation legacy for Waikanae awa
    Ninety-two jobs will be created to help environmental restoration in the Waikanae River catchment through $8.5 million of Jobs for Nature funding, Conservation Minister Kiritapu Allan announced today. “The new funding will give a four-year boost to the restoration of the Waikanae awa, and is specifically focussed on restoration through ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • New Dunedin Hospital project progresses to next stage
    As the new Dunedin Hospital project progresses, the Government is changing the oversight group to provide more technical input, ensure continued local representation, and to make sure lessons learnt from Dunedin benefit other health infrastructure projects around the country. Concept design approval and the release of a tender for early ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Jump in apprentice and trainee numbers
    The number of New Zealanders taking up apprenticeships has increased nearly 50 percent, and the number of female apprentices has more than doubled. This comes as a Government campaign to raise the profile of vocational education and training (VET) begins. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and Education Minister Chris Hipkins announced ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • ReBuilding Nations Symposium 2020 (Infrastructure NZ Conference opening session)
    Tena koutou katoa and thank you for the opportunity to be with you today. Can I acknowledge Ngarimu Blair, Ngati Whatua, and Mayor Phil Goff for the welcome. Before I start with my substantive comments, I do want to acknowledge the hard work it has taken by everyone to ensure ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • New Zealand's biosecurity champions honoured
    Biosecurity Minister Damien O’Connor has paid tribute to the winners of the 2020 New Zealand Biosecurity Awards. “These are the people and organisations who go above and beyond to protect Aotearoa from pests and disease to ensure our unique way of life is sustained for future generations,” Damien O’Connor says. ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Tourism Industry Aotearoa Conference
    speech to Tourism Industry Aotearoa annual summit Te Papa,  Wellington Introduction Nau mai, haere mai Tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou, Ka nui te mihi, ki a koutou. Thank you Tourism Industry Aotearoa for hosting today’s Summit. In particular, my acknowledgements to TIA Chair Gráinne Troute and Chief Executive Chris Roberts. You ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Supermarkets announced as Government’s second market study
    The Government has today launched a market study to ensure New Zealanders are paying a fair price for groceries.   “Supermarkets are an integral part of our communities and economy, so it’s important to ensure that Kiwis are getting a fair deal at the checkout,” Minister of Commerce and Consumer ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    1 week ago
  • Masks to be worn on Auckland public transport and all domestic flights
    Masks will need to be worn on all public transport in Auckland and in and out of Auckland and on domestic flights throughout the country from this Thursday, Minister for COVID-19 Response Chris Hipkins said today. “I will be issuing an Order under the COVID-19 Response Act requiring the wearing ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago
  • New Zealand signs Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
    Increase to New Zealand’s GDP by around $2 billion each year Increase opportunities for NZ exporters to access regional markets Cuts red tape and offers one set of trade rules across the Asia Pacific region New government procurement, competition policy and electronic commerce offers NZ exporters increased business opportunities Prime ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago
  • Minister acknowledges students as exams begin
    Education Minister Chris Hipkins has recognised the extraordinary challenges students have faced this year, ahead of NCEA and New Zealand Scholarship exams which begin on Monday. “I want to congratulate students for their hard work during a year of unprecedented disruption, and I wish students all the best as ...
    BeehiveBy beehive.govt.nz
    2 weeks ago