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Fisheries reform is under way

Written By: - Date published: 7:57 am, June 23rd, 2021 - 10 comments
Categories: auckland supercity, Conservation, david parker, Environment, supercity - Tags:

The country’s and the world’s fisheries are crashing.  Every time I read about them I wonder what we can do.  There is greater and greater industrial raping of the environment to keep providing fish for our consumption.

And I love fish.  I eat Salmon most days.  I can recall Orange Roughy from a couple of decades ago and marvelling at how delicious it was.

Last term the Government’s response to fishing issues was less than stellar.  They were discussed on this site in different posts.

Like this post discussing Stuart Nash’s performance as Fisheries Minister where I said:

While he was Fisheries Minister Nash repeatedly refused to install monitoring cameras on fishing boats to deter against activities that could net the endangered Maui’s dolphin.  Even the earlier National Government had decided to implement the scheme.  The fingerprints of New Zealand First, Shane Jones and the Talley brothers on these decisions were pronounced.

Talleys did seem to have considerable sway with NZ First in particular.  I wonder if this was related to its various donations to NZ First which were impressive and concerning.

The camera roll out was not the only policy where Nash made decisions that were problematic.  He also incorrectly set the catch limit on tarakihi by taking into account industry proposals over official advice.

From Ben Leonard at Newsroom:

“When deciding how long a fish stock should take to recover, the minister should consider the biology of the fish, not a voluntary industry plan,” the court said.

The current limits were put in place by Nash in 2019, adding up to a 30 percent reduction in fishing for tarakihi on the east coast.

Tarakihi is one of New Zealand’s most popular eating fish and its stocks are managed by an official quota system meant to ensure a sustainable fishing population.

The court found that in setting the 2019 limits, Nash did not take into account official advice on the appropriate limits for rebuilding the fish’s threatened east coast population.

Instead, the court said the minister based his decision on a voluntary industry plan developed by commercial fishing bodies like Fisheries Inshore and Te Ohu Kaimoana.

Environmental group Forest & Bird, which brought the case, said the industry plan set tarakihi catch limits far above sustainable levels.

“The Industry Rebuild Plan shouldn’t have been allowed to replace an appropriate catch limit,” Forest & Bird chief executive Kevin Hague said.

After the last election there was a noticeable reorganisation of the portfolio.  Fisheries was rebranded as “Oceans and Fisheries” which is a very welcome change of emphasis.  The Government’s policies should address the health of our oceans, fisheries health being an important aspect of this but not the only aspect.  And the ocean’s role in acting as a carbon sink and as an indicator of the world’s environmental health will never be more important.  We really need to do better.

I also said earlier:

Parker is an ideal choice for the role.  He is tough, respects the evidence, understands the issues and concentrates on the outcomes that are necessary.  And we really do need to stop treating our oceans as places to plunder food and dump rubbish.

He is now delivering. Last week he announced the wider roll out of cameras on boats.  And yesterday he announced significant changes for the Waitemata Harbour.  From the Beehive website:

New marine protection areas and restrictions on fishing are among a raft of changes being put in place to protect the Hauraki Gulf for future generations.

The new strategy, Revitalising the Gulf – Government action on the Sea Change Plan, released today, draws on input from mana whenua, local communities, and industry, Oceans and Fisheries Minister David Parker said.

“We are delivering on our election promise, taking immediate action to build on the good work already being done to restore the health of the Gulf,” David Parker said.

“We are also taking the long view, recognising that sustained action is necessary to ensure that the Gulf and its economic, environmental, cultural and social benefits can continue to be enjoyed.”

Acting Conservation Minister Dr Ayesha Verrall said some of the world’s most unique species of marine life relied on a healthy Gulf.

“Our Revitalising the Gulf strategy will guide an ongoing programme of work for the long-term health of the Hauraki Gulf. It responds to the call to action in the 2017 Sea Change Tai Timu Tai Pari Hauraki Gulf Marine Spatial Plan, developed by a stakeholder working group, and contains Government actions across the many marine challenges facing the Gulf in a holistic package,” Ayesha Verrall said.

The package includes:

  • The creation of 18 new marine protection areas and a framework to support the active restoration of some of the most biodiverse regions in the Gulf. The 18 new protected areas will increase marine protection in the Gulf almost threefold.

  • A Fisheries Plan with a range of changes to fishing practices and catch settings, including restricting trawl fishing to within carefully selected “corridors”.

  • Better monitoring to improve our understanding of the marine environment and track progress over time.

  • An expanded programme of protected species management.

  • Working together with mana whenua and local communities on local area coastal management.

  • Promoting a prosperous, sustainable aquaculture industry.

Greenpeace is pleased with the announcement.  From their website:

Greenpeace is welcoming the Government’s Sea Change plan, announced this morning, which details how the depleted Hauraki Gulf will be brought back from the brink.

Jessica Desmond, ocean campaigner at Greenpeace Aotearoa, says she’s pleased to see bottom trawling recognised as one of the major threats to the area.

“We know that bottom trawling is hugely damaging to ocean health and biodiversity. It’s great to see that this practice will be restricted in more areas of the Gulf to allow marine life to recover,” she says.

“More marine protected areas will also be vital to protecting the ocean for the future.

“Really, the approach the Government has taken here is what’s needed across the board. We must protect the most vulnerable parts of the ocean from bottom trawling. That call is currently supported by over 50,000 New Zealanders.”

The announcement could have gone further.  I would prefer that bottom trawling was stopped in all areas.  But this is a start, a very good start.

10 comments on “Fisheries reform is under way ”

  1. Patricia Bremner 1

    Parker is a brilliant Minister, quietly beavering away and using the science.

    Nash not so much.

    • tc 1.1

      Is pre-selection in Napier going to be feisty ? Nash has not been up to the jobs given him by JA so methinks time to prune the dead wood.

  2. kejo 2

    Was aboard the Govt. research vessel 'Tangaroa' last year. According to the Mate they don,t do fishing industries research. "They do their own." Privately my eyes rolled.

    [changed user name to the approved version]

  3. Tiger Mountain 3

    Credit where it is due. David Parker showed a very good grasp of fishing industry issues in his recent RNZ interview–scallop beds just about wiped out etc. It is at the stage where unless you catch your own fish–or know exactly where it comes from–it should likely be off the family menu if you have any understanding or conscience.

    There used to be howls of outrage at local rāhui and marine reserves etc. but now most people support them.

    • Heather Grimwood 3.1

      Yes TM, it is great that the value of marine reserves is more widely acknowledged. I remember the opposition over the early one at Leigh but the rapid flourishing of species there was patently obvious.
      To other posters above, I saw scallop beds being raked over up the coast close to shore despoiling spawning grounds of local fish.
      Regarding water pollution in the Hauraki, I when lived there in ’80’s to mid-’90’s would never have swum in it, even at popular Tamaki Drive beaches, and doubt there has ben improvement. This revulsion I also felt at any boat haven on islands or coast up to Bay of Islands, only swimming when boat well out in deep water.
      Congratulations to David Parker for his determination to improve/save fish stock and attend to pollution of our water.

  4. Ad 4

    The release from both the Minister and from Greenpeace was far too enthusiastic, from the results in this State of the Gulf report from 2020:

    https://www.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/about-auckland-council/how-auckland-council-works/harbour-forums/docsstateofgulf/state-gulf-full-report.pdf

    – Cockles are in universal decline

    – Kelp forests have been near-completely wiped out by Kina

    – Toxic algae blooms are now common

    – Fish and shellfish mass deaths are commonplace

    – Multiple high contaminant sites for copper, mercury, and zinc

    – Just .3% of the entire thing in Marine Reserve

    – Huge new subdivisions wiping out remaining Snapper beds

    – 66% of the monitored sites don't have good benthic (underwater sea life) health

    Anyone remember when you used to get roiling masses of fish on the north side of Whangaparaoa? You'd be lucky to see a flounder now.

    I don't see a strong record of marine environmental protection from Labour – neither in central government nor in Auckland Council.

    • Tiger Mountain 4.1

      Yes, but…with no take zones, close monitoring of commercial activity and community buy in, some of those situations can be turned around or improved.

      I have seen it in several parts of Tai Tokerau including Maitai Bay on Karikari Peninsula. The three keys again-no take-monitoring-buy in.

    • Foreign waka 4.2

      You forgot trawling that turns the ocean floor up side down and ruins the feeding ground of all sea life.

  5. RedBaronCv 5

    I seem to remember reading somewhere that a lot of the catch quota's are now held by only a few people people with Talleys being one and working fishing boats being now largely excluded? Can't find the link but is this leasing of fishing quotas and profiting off them likely to cease. It's caused trouble overseas I believe . Anyone know if this is correct?

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